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Vocabulary: Learn about the different types of weather in French. What are the names of the different climates in French?

Vocabulary: Learn about the different types of weather in French. What are the names of the different climates in French?

As we all know, when waiting for a train or a bus, or when standing inside an elevator, the most common and safe topic in conversation and small talk is Weather. You need to know the different types of Weather in French so that you can discuss on how bad it is or how fantastic it is.

types of Weather in French
types of Weather in French

France is pretty much the same when it comes to people talking about the different types of weather. And of course, people from France like to talk about the different types of weather in French only.

You need to able to make weather-related observation, ask weather related questions and also be able to understand the answers. It is very important that you understand what to wear in every season and how your outdoor plans in France is affected by the weather

To get you ready, here’s a guide for you to learn about some simple French weather vocabulary to rely on as you learn French. In any case, it can at least help you know what kind of weather to expect outside.

 

How do you say weather in French?

  • The French translation for “The weather” is “La météo”
  • French word for “The Climate” is “Le climat”

 

What are the different seasons in French?

There are four seasons in France and pretty much all over Europe: Summer, Winter, Autumn and Spring. However there is also the rainy season and the dry season since people need to dress up according to the correct weather.

Climates in French
Climates in French

For example, during the dry season, you need to wear moisturizer while you need to carry an umbrella during the rainy season. So it becomes very important that you know the French vocabulary for weather related terms

Learn about the vocabulary of all Seasons in French with English translation and with example sentences.

English French English Sentences French Sentences
the season la saison There are four seasons. Il y a quatre saisons.
the spring le printemps Schools are closed during the Spring. Les écoles sont fermées au printemps.
the summer L’été It is very hot during the summer. Il fait très chaud pendant l’été.
the autumn l’automne During autumn, it becomes very cold in France. En automne, il fait très froid en France.
the winter l’hiver I like the winter because I like the snow. J’aime l’hiver parce que j’aime la neige.
the rainy season la saison des pluies During the rainy season, the frogs are very happy. Pendant la saison des pluies, les grenouilles sont très heureuses.
the dry season la saison sèche During the dry season, carrots are expensive. Pendant la saison sèche, les carottes sont chères.

 

What are the different weather conditions in French?

The seasons are not all that you may talk of. You may have to say that it’s raining or ask if there’s a storm. You may have to deal with hail and mist, fog and frost.

Weather conditions in French
Weather conditions in French

Learn about the most common Weather related vocabulary in French with English translation and with example sentences.

English Spanish English Sentences Spanish Sentences
hail La grêle Hail is very dangerous. La grêle est très dangereuse.
sky Le ciel The sky is blue and the sun is yellow. Le ciel est bleu et le soleil est jaune.
fog Le brouillard You should not drive in the fog. Vous ne devez pas conduire dans le brouillard.
rain La pluie Will it rain today? No it will rain tomorrow. Va-t-il pleuvoir aujourd’hui? Non il va pleuvoir demain.
rainbow L’arc-en-ciel The rainbow is very beautiful L’arc-en-ciel est très beau
snow La neige The snow is white. La neige est blanche.
sun Le soleil The sunflower loves the sun. Le tournesol aime le soleil.
storm La tempête the storm is beautiful la tempête est belle
dew La rosée The baby licked the dew drops. Le bébé a léché les gouttes de rosée.
wind Le vent It is very windy today. Il y a beaucoup de vent aujourd’hui.
cloud Le nuage The clouds are grey. Les nuages ​​sont gris.
precipitation La précipitation There will be precipitation today. Il y aura des précipitations aujourd’hui.
frost Le gel The frost is slippery Le gel est glissant
freezing point Le point de congélation What is the freezing point of water? Quel est le point de congélation de l’eau ?
temperature La température The temperature is quite high. La température est assez élevée.

 

What are the different Weather related Adjectives in French with English translation?

Learn about the most common Weather related vocabulary which can be used as adjectives in French with English translation and with example sentences.

English French English Sentences French Sentences
to flash (lightning) éclair Lightning flashes across the sky. Des éclairs traversent le ciel.
to freeze geler Will the weather freeze the car? Le temps gèlera-t-il la voiture?
to hail la grêle It is hailing and raining outside. Il grêle et pleut dehors.
to rain pleuvoir Is it raining in India? Pleut-il en Inde ?
to snow neiger Why is it snowing today? Its October! Pourquoi neige-t-il aujourd’hui ? C’est octobre !
to melt fondre The sun will melt the snow Le soleil fera fondre la neige

 

What are the different Weather related adverbs in French with English translation?

Learn about the most common Weather related vocabulary which can be used as adverbs in French with English translation and with example sentences.

English French English Sentences French Sentences
cloudy nuageux It is so cloudy today. C’est tellement nuageux aujourd’hui.
rainy pluvieux It  is a rainy day. C’est un jour de pluie.
sunny ensoleillé It is so sunny and hot. Il fait si chaud et ensoleillé.
windy venteux It is windy in the Sahara desert. Il y a du vent dans le désert du Sahara.

 

Other very common terms are:

English French English Sentences French Sentences
cold du froid It is a cold  day. C’est une journée froide.
warm chaud I like warm weather. J’aime le temps chaud.
hot chaud India is hot. L’Inde est chaude.

 

What are the most common weather related sentences?

You might be in college and inside a cozy classroom and your friend might ask “Hey, what is the weather like today?” in French. You will have to respond in about the weather in French.

types of Weather in French
types of Weather in French

You may speak to hundreds of people and every time the weather becomes a topic of off-hand conversation.  Learn about the most common Weather related sentences in French with English translation.

English Sentences French Sentences
I’m cold j’ai froid
I’m hot J’ai chaud
It’s a bit cloudy today C’est un peu nuageux aujourd’hui
The sun is shining today Le soleil brille aujourd’hui
How’s the weather today? Quel temps fait-il aujourd’hui?
 Is it warm?  Fait-il chaud ?
 Is it cold?  Fait-il froid ?
 Is it good?  Est-ce bien?
 Is it bad?  Est-il mauvais?
 What is the weather forecast for tomorrow?  Quel temps fait-il demain ?
How many degrees is it? Combien de degrés fait-il ?
 How warm is it?  À quel point fait-il chaud ?
 It is nice weather.  Il fait beau temps.
 It is bad weather.  Il fait mauvais temps.
 The sun is shining.  Le soleil brille.
 It’s windy.  Il y a du vent.
 It’s snowing.  Il neige.
 Are you too cold?  Avez-vous trop froid?
 It’s so humid !  C’est tellement humide !
 I’m sweating.  Je transpire.
 It is beautiful weather.  Il fait beau temps.
 It is terrible weather.  Il fait un temps terrible.
 Such lousy weather!  Un temps si maussade !
 It looks like a thunderstorm.  Cela ressemble à un orage.
 It’s great swimming weather!  Il fait beau temps pour nager !

Extreme weather / Natural disasters

It’s a C’est
cold spell une vague de froid
cyclone un cyclone
downpour
sudden downpour
un déluge
une giboulée
heat wave la canicule
hurricane
category 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
un ouragan
de catégorie 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
storm un orage
une tempête
tornado une tornade
tropical storm un cyclone tropical
un orage tropical
typhoon un typhon

Miscellaneous 

bad weather des intempéries (f)
bolt of lightning un coup de foudre
flood une inondation
flood tide une marée haute
good weather le beau temps
gust of wind une rafale
hail la grêle
tidal wave un raz-de-marée
weather balloon un ballon-sonde
weather chart une carte météorologique

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