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Geometry in French and the names of Geometrical Shapes in French with example sentences

What are the names of geometrical Shapes in French

In this blog about “Names of Geometrical Shapes in French”, we are going to study in detail about the following topics with tons of example sentences in French and English.

  1. What are the names of Geometrical Shapes in French?
  2. What are the different two dimensional Geometrical shapes in French?
  3. What are the different three dimensional Geometrical shapes in French?
  4. What are the different types of Triangles in French?
  5. Learn Geometry in French.

Why should I learn the names of geometric shapes in French?

In real life, learning the list of geometrical Shapes in French is a very important activity. Why? Let’s start at the very beginning. Even for babies, we start off the process of learning by introducing the baby to different shapes such as circle, triangle, square and rectangle. Then we move next to teaching babies about 3D shapes (toys) such as cubes, cuboids, cylinders, spheres etc.

Names of Geometrical Shapes in French
Names of Geometrical Shapes in French

Whether you’re in school or in college, whether you’re working or retired, in a developed country or a third world country, you cannot live without about the different geometrical shapes (both 2D and 3D). You will need to mentally process images that you see and they are nothing but geometrical shapes. So it becomes very important that you learn the names of geometrical shapes in French quite well.

For example:

  • The ball is spherical
  • The bottle is cylindrical shaped.
  • The party hat is a cone.
  • I need a square sized paper.

Here you need to know how to say the names of geometrical shapes in French and also the statement in French. This is what you will be learning in this blog called Shapes in French.

 

What are the names of Geometrical shapes in French?

The classic example of how important shapes can be in your lives is the game “Minecraft”… It basically shows that any structure in the world is nothing but a combination of basic shapes.

Minecraft - A game based purely on Shapes
Minecraft – A game based purely on Shapes

There are so many shapes and sizes which we would have studied as a child in our mathematics classes. We do come across these shapes on a daily basis for everything and sometimes we are asked to use them in our conversations.

In Mathematics, the shapes are categorized into 2 broad categories: 2D and 3D or two dimensional and three dimensional. Let us go through the different Geometrical shapes in French.

 

Names of Two Dimensional (2D) Shapes in French

Everything that have only an X Axis and a Y Axis and no Z Axis is 2 dimensional. If you draw something on a piece of paper, its 2 dimensional. Most movies that you see are labelled as 2D since the screen only has length and breadth and no depth (not talking about the new funky 3D movies though). It is thus very important that you learn some of the Three Dimensional (3D) Shapes in French

2D shapes in French
2D shapes in French

What is a 2D shape called in French? The translation for 2D or two dimensional shape in French is “Forme bidimensionnelle” or “forme 2D”

French English English Sentence French Sentence
Triangle triangle The triangle has three sides. Le triangle a trois côtés.
rectangle rectangle The rectangle is my favorite Shape. Le rectangle est ma forme préférée.
trapèze trapezium She drew a trapezium. Elle a dessiné un trapèze.
rhombe rhombus A rhombus has four sides. Un losange a quatre côtés.
parallélogramme parallelogram The parallelogram is an interesting shape. Le parallélogramme est une forme intéressante.
rectangle rectangle A rectangle is a long square Un rectangle est un long carré
carré square She has square glasses. Elle a des lunettes carrées.
Pentagone pentagon A pentagon has five sides. Un pentagone a cinq côtés.
hexagone hexagon A hexagon does not have seven sides Un hexagone n’a pas sept côtés
heptagone heptagon The heptagon has 7 sides. L’heptagone a 7 côtés.
octogone octagon An octagon has 8 sides. Un octogone a 8 côtés.
ellipse ellipse Can you draw an ellipse? Pouvez-vous dessiner une ellipse?
cercle circle A circle is not a poygon. Un cercle n’est pas un polygone.
polygone polygon A triangle is a polygon. Un triangle est un polygone.
ovale oval They call it the Oval Office. Ils l’appellent le bureau ovale.
Demi-cercle Semi circle A semicircle is half a circle. Un demi-cercle est un demi-cercle.

 

Names of Three Dimensional (3D) Shapes in French

Everything that you see in the real world is a 3D shape. You might see a cylindrical drum, a conical bottle. The sun is spherical and the earth as well. The dice from Dungeons and Dragons is an 8 sided Octahedron or a 12 sided dodecahedron. It is thus very important that you learn some of the Three Dimensional (3D) Shapes in French

So the question is (and one which many ask), will you encounter an octahedron in real life? Of course. Take a hexagon and extend it and there you go. An example… A screw is nothing but a cylinder mounted on an octahedron.

3D shapes in French
3D shapes in French

What is a 3D shape called in French? The translation for 3D or three dimensional shape in French is “formas tridimensionnel” or “forme 3d”

French English English Sentence French Sentence
tétraèdre tetrahedron Tetrahedrons are beautiful. Les tétraèdres sont magnifiques.
cube cube A cube has 6 sides. Un cube a 6 côtés.
hexaèdre hexahedron A cube is a hexahedron. Un cube est un hexaèdre.
octaèdre octahedron An octahedron has 8 sides. Un octaèdre a 8 côtés.
dodécaèdre dodecahedron A dodecahedron has 12 sides. Un dodécaèdre a 12 côtés.
icosaèdre icosahedron A icosahedron has 20 faces. Un icosaèdre a 20 faces.
cylindre cylinder The box is cylinder shaped. La boîte est en forme de cylindre.
cône cone The boy carries a cone. Le garçon porte un cône.
Pyramide Pyramid I want to make a glass Pyramid. Je veux faire une pyramide en verre.
Sphère Sphere The earth is a sphere. La terre est une sphère.
Prisme Prism My school has a glass Prism. Mon école a un prisme de verre.

 

Types of Triangles in French

Triangle in French
Triangle in French

What is an Equilateral Triangle in French?

  • An Equilateral Triangle is one wherein all the sides of the triangle are of the same length. In French, an Equilateral Triangle is called as “l’ équilatéral triangle” or “Triangle équilatéral”.
  • EXAMPLE:
    • En géométrie euclidienne, un triangle équilatéral est un triangle dont les trois côtés ont la même longueur.
    • In Euclidean geometry, an equilateral triangle is a triangle whose three sides have the same length.

What is an Isosceles triangle in French?

  • An Isosceles triangle is one wherein two sides of the triangle are equal in length. In French, an Isosceles triangle is called as “Triangle isocèle”
  • EXAMPLE:
    • En géométrie, un triangle isocèle est un triangle ayant au moins deux côtés de même longueur.
    • In geometry , an isosceles triangle is a triangle having at least 1 two sides of the same length.

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