Tell the time in Sanskrit and English
Since the origin of the universe, time exists. Time has always fascinated and controlled how and when humans act the way they do. This is not just now but even in ancient India. As a super basic Sanskrit learner, one must learn to tell the time in Sanskrit.
In the ancient world, Indians used to tell the time by looking at the positions of the stars, by using sun dials and by using water clocks. Ancient origin Sanskrit texts talk about time being used for everything especially with rites and prayers to God.
Let us start with the absolute basic. The Sanskrit word for Time is काल and its transliteration is kAla. The other word is समयः and the transliteration is Samayah
Let us now go through the vocabulary for telling the time in Sanskrit. Hopefully you will find them to be easy.
- Super critical vocabulary
- Whole number time
- Half past in Sanskrit
- Quarter past in Sanskrit
- 45 mins past
- 5 minutes past or 10 minutes past
- Sanskrit time for 10 minutes to
Super critical Vocabulary
For telling the time in Sanskrit, you only need to know a few things. First and foremost, you need to know the numbers… duh of course. The other words below are the most important words for telling the time.
Other Fun Topics
If you want to learn the names of the flowers in Sanskrit, you can find them in this link here LIST OF FLOWERS IN SANSKRIT
Otherwise if you want to learn the names of the vegetables in Sanskrit, you can find them here LIST OF VEGETABLES IN SANSKRIT
The list of fruits in Sanskrit, you can find them in this link here LIST OF FRUITS IN SANSKRIT
Also for the list of birds in Sanskrit, you can find them in this link here LIST OF BIRDS IN SANSKRIT
How to say Time in Sanskrit for 1’0 clock to 12’o cock?
I hope that you remember the words for the different numbers. Now the next step is very simple, just add the number (1 – 12) and then with the Sanskrit word for “o clock” which is वादनम् (transliteration: vādanam).
The only difference is that for the 1’o- clock, 2’o clock, 3’o- clock and 4’o clock, the text is slightly shortened.
Time in Sanskrit for Half past
Awesome!! Now you can easily say the time for all whole number hours. However sometimes you need to tell the time like 12:30 or 1:30 which is basically half past 12 or half past 1. How do you do this? You only need to add the word “सार्ध” or “saardha” before the time. A simple example…
- For saying half past eleven or 11:30 in Sanskrit, you would just say सार्ध एकादशवादनम् and the transliteration: saardha ekaadasha vaadanam.
- Another example is to say half past six or 6:30 in Sanskrit, you would just say सार्धषड्वादनम् and the transliteration: saardha ṣaḍ vādanam.
- A final example is trying to say half past one or 1:30 in Sanskrit, you would just say सार्धएकवादनम् and the transliteration: saardha eka vādanam.
Time in Sanskrit for 15 mins past
Fantastic!! You are closer now to complete learning of the clock. Sometimes you need to tell time accurate to 15 minutes such as 1:15 or 2:15. This is basically 15 minutes past 1 or 15 minutes past 2. How do you do this? You only need to add the word “सपाद” or “sapaadh” before the time. A simple example…
- For saying fifteen minutes past one or 1:15 in Sanskrit, you would just say सपादषड्वादनम् and the transliteration is sapadha eka
- Another example is to say fifteen minutes past six or 6:15 in Sanskrit, you would just say सपाद षड्वादनम्
Time in Sanskrit for 45 mins past
How do you tell time when its 45 minutes past the hour such as 3:45 or 12:45. This is basically 45 minutes past 3 or 45 minutes past 12. Simple! You only need to add the word “पादोन” or “paadhon” before the time. A simple example…
- For saying 34 minutes past 6 or 6:45 in Sanskrit, you would just say पादोन सप्तवादनम् and the transliteration is paadhon ṣaḍ vādanam.
Sanskrit time for five minutes past.
- How do you say X minutes past an hour or something like 5 minutes past 6, basically saying 6:05? Very simple.
- You only need to know the Sanskrit number for 5, the translation for 6’o clock and using अधिक which means “more” in Sanskrit.
- The time 6:05 translates to पञ्चाधिक-षड्वादनम् which literally translates to 5 + more + 6’o clock
- Similarly the time 6:10 in Sanskrit translates to दशाधिक-षड्वादनम् (which literally translates to 10 + more + 6’o clock
- The time in Sanskrit for 6:20 is विंशत्यधिकषड्वादनम् which is 20 + more + 6’o clock
Sanskrit time for 10 minutes to.
- You need to use the Sanskrit word “ऊन” transliteration is “oona”. It means “missing”
- Let us try and say the time in Sanskrit for 6:50 which is 10 minutes to 7:00.
- You will just have to follow the same formula you learnt above but with “ऊन”
- So its 10 + “ऊन” + 7’o clock ….. THE ANSWER IS “दशोनसप्तवादनम्”
- Similarly 5 minutes to 6’o clock is पञ्च + ऊन + षड्वादनम् or pancha oona shadvaadanam. THE ANSWER IS “पञ्चऊनषड्वादनम्”
Hope you had fun learning to tell the time in Sanskrit.