OUT OF THE DUST – by Karen Hesse
Out of the dust is an award winning story written in 1997 by Karen Hesse. It is a children’s novel which is set in the era of the great depression. It talks in depth of the staggeringly powerful dust storms of Oklahoma, the environmental and emotional turmoil and devastation that they cause. It is also a story of the hope and inner strength while dealing with devastating losses faced through the eyes of a child.
Table of contents – Out of the Dust
- About the Author
- Out of the dust – Summary
- Out of the dust – Book
- Questions and Answers
- Out of the dust – PDF
- Out of the Dust – Worksheet
About the Author
Karen Hesse is an American author of children’s literature and literature for young adults. Karen Hesse was born in Baltimoreand studied mathematics. She married Randy Hesse in 1971 and then proceeded to attend college at the University of Maryland. She has a B.A. in English during which time she started writing poetry. Her novel Out of the Dust was the winner of the 1998 Newbery Medal and the Scott O’Dell Award for Historical Fiction.
Out of the dust – Summary
Out of the dust is a poetic story about the life of a girl named Billie Jo, who struggles to help herself and her family survive during the dry dust-bowl years of the Great Depression. Her indomitable spirit in fighting against all odds and tragedies on her families’ farm is a testament to the true American spirit! The story is written in a first-person point of view through free-verse poems.
Out of the dust – Poem / Story
Beginning: August 1920
As summer wheat came ripe,
so did I,
born at home, on the kitchen floor.
barefoot, bare bottomed
over the swept boards,
because that’s where Daddy said it’d be best.
I came too fast for the doctor,
bawling as soon as Daddy wiped his hand around
inside my mouth.
To hear Ma tell it,
I hollered myself red the day I was born.
Red’s the color I’ve stayed ever since.
Daddy named me Billie Jo.
He wanted a boy.
he got a long-legged girl
with a wide mouth
and cheekbones like bicycle handles.
He got a redheaded, heckle-faced, narrow-hipped girl
with a fondness for apples
and a hunger for playing fierce piano.
From the earliest I can remember
I’ve been restless in this
little Panhandle shack we call home,
always getting in Ma’s way with my
pointy elbows, my fidgety legs.
By the summer I turned nine Daddy had
given up about having a boy.
He tried making me do.
I look just like him,
I can handle myself most everywhere he puts me,
even on the tractor,
though I don’t like that much.
Ma tried having other babies.
It never seemed to go right, except with me.
But this morning
Ma let on as how she’s expecting again.
Other than the three of us
there’s not much family to speak of.
Daddy, the only boy Kelby left
since Grandpa died
from a cancer
that ate up the most of his skin,
and Aunt Ellis,
almost fourteen years older than Daddy
and living in Lubbock,
a ways south of here,
and a whole world apart
to hear Daddy tell it.
And Ma, with only Great-uncle Floyd,
old as ancient Indian bones,
and mean as a rattler,
rotting away in that room down in Dallas.
I’ll be nearly fourteen
just like Aunt Ellis was when Daddy was born
by the time this baby comes.
Wonder if Daddy’ll get his boy this time?
January 1934 – Rabbit Battles
Mr. Noble and
Mr. Romney have a bet going
as to who can kill the most rabbits.
It all started at the rabbit drive last Monday
over to Sturgis
when Mr. Noble got himself worked up
about the damage done to his crop by jacks.
Mr. Romney swore he’d had more rabbit trouble
than anyone in Cimarron County.
They pledged revenge on the rabbit population;
wagering who could kill more.
They ought to just shut up.
Betting on how many rabbits they can kill.
Grown men clubbing bunnies to death.
Makes me sick to my stomach.
I know rabbits eat what they shouldn’t,
especially this time of year when they could hop
halfway to Liberal
and still not find food,
but Miss Freeland says
if we keep
plowing under the stuff they ought to be eating,
what are they supposed to do?
Mr. Noble and
Mr. Romney came home from Sturgis Monday
with twenty rabbits apiece. A tie.
It should’ve stopped there. But
Mr. Romney wasn’t satisfied.
He brought in rabbits somebody else killed.”
And so the contest goes on.
they used to be best friends.
Now they can’t be civil with each other.
They scowl as they pass on the street.
I’m scowling too,
but scowling won’t bring the rabbits back.
They’re all skinned and cooked and eaten by now.
At least they didn’t end up in
Romney and Noble’s cook pots.
They went to families
that needed the meat.
January 1934 – Losing Li vie
Livie Killian moved away.
I didn’t want her to go.
We’d been friends since first grade.
The farewell party was
at the Old Rock Schoolhouse.
had something to tease each of us about,
sleeping through reading class,
who on her speed-writing test put
an “even ton” of children
instead of an “even ten.”
Livie said good-bye to each of us,
She gave me a picture she’d made of me sitting
in front of a piano,
wearing my straw hat,
an apple halfway to my mouth.
I handed Livie the memory book we’d all
filled with our different slants.
I couldn’t get the muscles in my throat relaxed
to tell her how much I’d miss her.
helped clean up her own party,
wiping spilled lemonade,
gathering sandwich crusts,
sweeping cookie crumbs from the floor,
while the rest of us went home
to study for semester reviews.
Now Livie’s gone west,
out of the dust,
on her way to California,
where the wind takes a rest sometimes.
And I’m wondering what kind of friend I am,
wanting my feet on that road to another place,
instead of Livie’s.
January 1934 – Me and Mad Dog
who teaches music once a week at our school,
though Ma says he’s no teacher at all,
just a local song plugger,
Arley Wanderdale asked
if I’d like to play a piano solo
at the Palace Theatre on Wednesday night.
pleased to be asked, and said,
“That’d be all right.”
I didn’t know if Ma would let me.
She’s an old mule on the subject of my schooling.
“You stay home on weeknights, Billie Jo.”
And mostly that’s what I do.
But Alley Wanderdale said,
“The management asked me to
bring them talent, Billie Jo,
and I thought of you.”
“You and Mad Dog,”
Even before Mad Dog Craddock? I wondered.
Arley Wanderdale said.
Darn that blue-eyed boy
with his fine face and his
twice as good
as a plowboy has any right to be.
I suspected Mad Dog had come first
to Arley Wanderdale’ s mind,
but I didn’t get too riled.
Not so riled I couldn’t say yes.
January 1934 – Permission to Play
when Ma is busy in the kitchen,
or doing wash,
I can ask her something in such a way
I annoy her just enough to get an answer,
but not so much I get a no.
That’s a way I’ve found of gaining what I want,
by catching Ma off guard,
especially when I’m after permission to play piano.
Right out asking her is no good.
She always gets testy about me playing,
even though she’s the one who truly taught me.
Anyway, this time I caught her in the
slow stirring of biscuits,
her mind on other things,
maybe the baby growing inside her, I don’t know,
she was distracted enough,
I was determined enough,
this time I got just what I wanted.
Permission to play at the Palace.
January 1934 – On Stage
When I point my fingers at the keys,
springs straight out of me.
playing notes sharp as
telling stories while the
buttery rhythms back me up
I’ve ever felt,
swinging with the Black Mesa Boys,
pestering the keys.
January 1934 – Birthday for F.D.R.
I played so well
on Wednesday night,
Arley put his arm across my shoulder
and asked me to come and
perform at the President’s birthday ball.
Ma can’t say no to this one.
It’s for President Roosevelt.
Not that Mr. Roosevelt will actually be there,
but the money collected at the ball,
along with balls all over the country,
in the President’s name,
to the Warm Springs Foundation,
where Mr. Roosevelt stayed once when he was sick.
I plan to play for President Franklin Delano
Maybe I’ll go all the way to the White House in
In the meantime,
it’s pretty nice
Arley asking me to play twice,
for Joyce City.
January 1934 – Not Too Much To Ask
We haven’t had a good crop in three years,
Not since the bounty of ‘3 1,
and we’re all whittled down to the bone these days,
even Ma, with her new round belly,
when the committee came asking,
three jars of apple sauce
some cured pork,
feed-sack nightie she’d sewn for our coming baby.
February 1934 – Mr. Hardly’s Money Handling
It was Daddy’s birthday
and Ma decided to bake him a cake.
money enough for anything like a real present.
Ma sent me to fetch the extras
with fifty cents she’d been hiding away.
“Don’t go to Joyce City, Billie,” she said.
“You can get what we need down Hardly ‘s store.”
I slipped the coins into my sweater pocket, the
pocket without the hole,
thinking about how many sheets of new music
fifty cents would buy.
Mr. Hardly glared
when the Wonder Bread door
banged shut behind me.
He squinted as I creaked across the wooden floor.
Mr. Hardly was in the habit
of charging too much for his stale food,
and he made bad change when he thought
he could get away with it.
I squinted back at him as I gave him Ma’s order.
been worse than normal
since his attic filled with dust
and collapsed under the weight.
He hired folks for the repairs,
And argued over every nail and every
The whole place took
shoveling for days before he could
open again and
some stock was so bad it
had to be thrown away.
The stove clanked in the corner
as Mr. Hardly filled Ma’s order.
I could smell apples,
ground coffee, and peppermint.
I sorted through the patterns on the feed bags,
blew my nose.
When Mr. Hardly finished sacking my things,
I paid the bill,
and tucking the list in my pocket along with the
so Ma could bake the cake before Daddy came in.
But after Ma emptied the sack,
setting each packet out on the
oilcloth, she counted her change
and I remembered with a sinking feeling
that I hadn’t kept an eye on
Mr. Hardly’s money handling,
and Mr. Hardly had cheated again.
Only this time he’d cheated himself, giving us
four cents extra.
So while Ma mixed a cake,
I walked back to Mr. Hardly’s store,
back through the dust,
back through the Wonder Bread door,
and thinking about the secondhand music
in a moldy box at the shop in Joyce City,
music I could have for two cents a sheet,
I placed Mr. Hardly’s overpayment on the counter
and turned to head back home.
Mr. Hardly cleared his throat and
I wondered for a moment
if he’d call me back to offer a piece of peppermint
or pick me out an apple from the crate,
but he didn’t,
and that’s okay.
Ma would have thrown a fit
if I’d taken a gift from him.
February 1934 – Fifty Miles South of Home
blew plate-glass windows in,
tore electric signs down,
straight out of the ground.
February 1934 – Rules of Dining
Ma has rules for setting the table.
I place plates upside down,
grasses bottom side up.
napkins folded over forks, knives, and spoons.
When dinner is ready,
we sit down together
and Ma says,
We shake out our napkins,
spread them on our laps,
and flip over our grasses and plates,
exposing neat circles,
on what life would be without dust.
“The potatoes are peppered plenty tonight, Polly,”
“Chocolate milk for dinner, aren’t we in clover!”
when really all our pepper and chocolate,
it’s nothing but dust.
I heard word from Li vie Killian.
The Killians can’t find work,
can’t get food.
Livie’s brother, Reuben, fifteen last summer,
took off, thinking to make it on his own.
I hope he’s okay.
With a baby growing inside Ma,
it scares me thinking. Where would we be without
somewhere to live?
Without some work to do?
Without something to eat?
At least we’ve got milk. Even if we have to chew it.
February 1934 – Breaking Drought
After seventy days
of wind and sun,
of wind and clouds,
of wind and sand,
after seventy days,
of wind and dust,
a little rain came.
February 1934 – Dazzled
In the kitchen she is my ma,
in the barn and the fields she is my daddy’s wife,
but in the parlor Ma is something different.
She isn’t much to look at,
so long and skinny,
her teeth poor,
her dark hair always needing a wash, but
from the time I was four,
I remember being dazzled by her
whenever she played the piano.
Daddy bought it, an old Cramer,
his wedding gift to her.
She came to this house and found gaps in the walls,
a rusty bed, no running water,
and that piano,
gleaming in the comer.
Daddy gets soft eyes, standing behind her while she
I want someone to look that way at me.
On my fifth birthday,
Ma sat me down beside her
and started me to reading music,
started me to playing.
I’m not half so good as Ma.
She can pull Daddy into the parlor
even after the last milking, when he’s so beat
he barely knows his own name
and all he wants
is a mattress under his bones.
You’ve got to be something-
to get his notice that time of day,
but Ma can.
I’m not half so good with my crazy playing
as she is with her fine tunes and her
fancy finger work.
But I’m good enough for Arley, I guess.
March 1934 – Debts
Daddy is thinking
of taking a loan from Mr. Roosevelt and his men,
to get some new wheat planted
where the winter crop has spindled out and died.
Mr. Roosevelt promises
Daddy won’t have to pay a dime
till the crop comes in.
“I can turn the fields over,
It’s sure to rain soon.
Wheat’s sure to grow.”
Ma says, “What if it doesn’t?”
Daddy takes off his hat,
roughs up his hair,
puts the hat back on.
“Course it’ll rain,” he says.
Ma says, “Bay,
it hasn’t rained enough to grow wheat
Daddy looks like a light brewing.
He takes that red face of his out to the barn,
to keep from feuding with my pregnant ma.
I ask Ma
after all this time,
Daddy still believes in rain.
“Well, it rains enough,” Ma says,
“now and again,
to keep a person hoping.
But even if it didn’t
your daddy would have to believe.
It’s coming on spring,
and he’s a farmer.”
March 1934 – State Tests
When I got home I told Ma
our school scored higher than the
whole state on achievement tests and
I scored top of eighth grade.
“I knew you could.”
That’s all she said.
She was proud,
I could tell.
But she didn’t
coo like Mad Dog’s ma. Or
like Mrs. Killian used to do.
“That’s not your ma’s way.”
But I wish it was.
I wish she’d give me a little more to hold on to than
“I knew you could.”
Instead she makes me feel like she’s just
taking me in like I was
so much flannel dry on the line.
March 1934 – Fields of Flashing Light
I heard the wind rise,
and stumbled from my bed,
down the stairs,
out the front door,
into the yard.
The night sky kept flashing,
lightning danced down on its spindly legs.
I sensed it before I: knew it was coming.
I heard it,
While Ma and Daddy slept,
the dust came,
tearing up fields where the winter wheat,
set for harvest in June,
I watched the plants,
surviving after so much drought and so much wind,
I watched them fry,
or blow away,
like bits of cast-off rags.
It wasn’t until the dust turned toward the house,
like a fired locomotive,
and I fled,
barefoot and breathless, back inside,
it wasn’t until the dust
hissed against the windows,
until it ratcheted the roof,
that Daddy woke.
He ran into the storm,
his overalls half-hooked over his union suit.
“Daddy!” I called. “You can’t stop dust.
Ma told me to
cover the beds,
push the scatter rugs against the doors,
dampen the rags around the windows.
Wiping dust out of everything,
she made coffee and biscuits,
waiting for Daddy to come in.
Sometime after four,
rubbing low on her back,
Ma sank down into a chair at the kitchen table
and covered her face.
Daddy didn’t come back for hours,
until the temperature dropped so low,
it brought snow.
Ma and I sighed, grateful,
staring out at the dirty flakes,
but our relief didn’t last.
The wind snatched that snow right off the fields,
leaving behind a sea of dust,
rippling across our yard.
Daddy came in,
he sat across from Ma and blew his nose.
Mud streamed out.
He coughed and spit out
If he had cried,
his tears would have been mud too,
but he didn’t cry.
And neither did Ma.
March 1934 – Spring 1934
Tested by Dust
While we sat
taking our six-weeks test,
the wind rose
and the sand blew
right through the cracks in the schoolhouse wall,
right through the gaps around the window grass,
and by the time the tests were done,
each and every one of us
was coughing pretty good and we all
needed a bath.
I hope we get bonus points
for testing in a dust storm.
April 1934 – Banks
everything we lost
when the banks closed
’cause they didn’t have enough cash to go around,
all the money that’s ours
is coming back to us in full.
Now we have money for a doctor
when the baby comes.
April 1934 – Beat Wheat
County Agent Dewey
had some pretty bad news.
One quarter of the wheat is lost:
blown away or withered up.
What remains is little more than
a wisp of what it should be.
And every day we have no rain,
more wheat dies.
County Agent Dewey says, “Soon
there won’t be enough wheat
for seed to plant next fall.”
The piano is some comfort in all this.
I go to it and I forget the dust for hours,
testing my long fingers on wild rhythms,
but Ma slams around in the kitchen when I
and after a while she sends me to the store.
Joe De La Flor doesn’t see me pass him by;
he rides his fences, dazed by dust.
I wince at the sight of his rib-thin cattle.
But he’s not even seeing them.
I look at Joe and know our future is drying up
and blowing away with the dust.
April 1934 – Give Up on Wheat
“Try putting in a pond, Bayard.
We can fill it off the windmill.
We’ve got a good well.”
Daddy grumbles, “The water’ll seep
back into the ground
as fast as I can pump it, Poi.
We’ll dry up our well
and then we’ll have nothing.”
“Plant some other things, then,” Ma says.
sorghum. If we plant the fields in different crops,
maybe some will do better,
better than wheat.”
It has to be wheat.
I’ve grown it before.
I’ll grow it again.”
But Ma says, “Can’t you see
what’s happening, Bayard?
The wheat’s not meant to be here.”
And Daddy says,
“What about those apple trees of yours, Poi?
You think they are?
Nothing needs more to drink than those two.
But you wouldn’t hear of leveling your apples,
Ma is bittering. I can see it in her mouth.
“A pond would work,” she says,
sounding crusty and stubborn.
And Daddy says, “Look it, Poi, who’s the farmer?
You or me?”
“Who pays the bills?”
“No one right now,” Daddy says.
Ma starts to quaking but she won’t let Daddy see.
Instead, she goes out to the chickens
simmering over like a pot in an empty kitchen,
boils itself down doing chores.
April 1934 – What I Don’t Know
My teacher, Miss Freeland,
at the Shrine
along with famous
from all around the country
in a play called
I’ve never heard of that play.
“Most everyone’s heard of Madame Butterfly,
Mad Dog says.
How does that
singing plowboy know something I don’t?
And how much more is out there
most everyone else has heard of
April 1934 – Apple Blossoms
has been nursing these two trees
for as long as I can remember.
In spite of the dust,
in spite of the drought,
because of Ma’s stubborn care,
these trees are
thick with blossoms,
My eyes can’t get enough of the sight of them.
I stand under the trees
and let the petals
fall into my hair,
of sweet- smelling flowers,
dropped from the boughs of the two
in the front yard by Ma
before I was born,
that she and they might bring forth fruit
into our home,
May 1934 – World War
Daddy was just seventeen
when he fought in the
Great War off in France.
There’s not much he’s willing to
say about those days, except about the poppies.
He remembers the poppies,
red on the graves of the dead.
that war tore France up
worse than a tornado,
worse than a dust storm,
but no matter,
the wild poppies bloomed in the trail of the fighting,
brightening the French countryside.
I wish I could see poppies
growing out of this dust.
May 1934 – Apples
Ma’s apple blossoms
have turned to hard green balls.
To eat them now,
would turn my mouth inside out,
would make my stomach groan.
But in just a couple months,
after the baby is born,
those apples will be ready
and we’ll make pies
and have just plain apples to take to school
and slice with my pocket knife
and eat one juicy piece at a time
until my mouth is clean
and my breath is nothing but apple.
June 1934 – Dust and Rain
bringing a red dust
like prairie fire,
hot and peppery,
searing the inside of my nose,
the whites of my eyes.
turning the day from sunlight to midnight.
And as the dust left,
Rain that was no blessing.
It came too hard,
and washed the soil away,
washed the wheat away with it.
little remains of Daddy’s hard work.
And the only choice he has
is to give up or
start all over again.
At the Strong ranch
they didn’t get a single drop.
So who fared better?
Ma looks out the window at her apple trees.
Hard green balls have dropped to the ground.
But there are enough left;
for a small harvest,
if we lose no more.
June 1934 – Harvest
The combines have started moving across the fields,
bringing in wheat,
whatever has managed to grow.
Mr. Tuttle delivered the first load to town
selling it for seventy-three cents a bushel.
Mr. Chaffin, Mr. Haverstick, and Mr. French,
they’ve delivered their harvest too,
dropping it at the Joyce City grain elevator.
Daddy asked Mr. Haverstick how things looked
and Mr. Haverstick said he figures
he took eight bushels off a twenty-bushel acre.
If Daddy gets five bushels to his acre
it’ll be a miracle.
June 1934 – On the Road with Arley
Here’s the way I figure it.
My place in the world is at the piano.
I’m earning a little money playing,
thanks to Arley Wanderdale.
He and his Black Mesa Boys have connections in
Keyes and Goodwell and Texhoma.
And every little crowd
is grateful to hear a rag or two played
on the piano
by a long-legged, red-haired girl,
even when the piano has a few keys soured by dust.
At first Ma crossed her arms
against her chest
and stared me down,
hard-jawed and sharp, and said I couldn’t go.
But the money helped convince her,
and the compliment from Arley and his wife, Vera,
that they’d surely bring my ma along to play too,
if she wasn’t so far gone with a baby coming.
but only for the summer,
and only if she didn’t hear me gripe how I was tired,
or see me dragging my back end around,
or have to call me twice upon a morning,
or find my farm chores falling down,
and only if Arley’s wife, Vera, kept an eye on me.
Arley says my piano playing is good.
I play a set of songs with the word baby in the title,
like “My Baby Just Cares for Me”
and “Walking My Baby Back Home.”
I picked those songs on puipose for Ma,
and the folks that come to hear Arley’s band,
they like them fine.
Arley pays in dimes.
Ma’s putting my earnings away I don’t know where,
saving it to send me to school in a few years.
The money doesn’t matter much to me.
I’d play for nothing.
When I’m with Arley’s boys we forget the dust.
We are flying down the road in Arley’s car,
laying our voices on top of the
beat Miller Rice plays on the back of Arley’s seat,
and sometimes, Vera, up front, chirps crazy notes
with no words
and the sounds she makes seem just about amazing.
It’s being part of all that,
being part of Arley’s crowd I like so much,
being on the road,
being somewhere new and interesting.
We have a fine time.
And they let me play piano, too.
June Summer 1934 – Hope in a Drizzle
Quarter inch of rain
is nothing to complain about.
It’ll help the plants above ground,
and start the new seeds growing.
That quarter inch of rain did wonders for Ma, too,
who is ripe as a melon these days.
She has nothing to say to anyone anymore,
except how she aches for rain,
she aches for rain.
Today, she stood out in the drizzle
hidden from the road.
and from Daddy,
and she thought from me,
but I could see her from the barn,
she was bare as a pear,
sliding down her skin,
leaving traces of mud on her face and her long back,
trickling dark and light paths,
slow tracks of wet dust down the bulge of her belly.
My dazzling ma, round and ripe and striped
like a melon.
July 1934 – Dionne Quintuplets
While the dust blew
down our road,
against our house,
across our fields,
up in Canada
a lady named Elzire Dionne
gave birth to five baby girls
all at once.
I looked at Ma,
so pregnant with one baby.
“Can you imagine five?” I said.
Ma lowered herself into a chair.
Tears dropping on her tight stretched belly,
just to think of it.
July 1934 – Wild Boy of the Road
A boy came by the house today,
he asked for food.
He couldn’t pay anything, but Ma set him down
and gave him biscuits
He offered to work for his meal,
Ma sent him out to see Daddy.
The boy and Daddy came back late in the afternoon.
The boy walked two steps behind,
in Daddy’s dust.
He wasn’t more than sixteen.
Thin as a fence rail.
I wondered what
Livie Killian’s brother looked like now.
I wondered about Livie herself.
Daddy asked if the boy wanted a bath,
a change of clothes before he moved on.
The boy nodded.
I never heard him say more than “Yes, sir” or
We watched him walk away
down the road,
in a pair of Daddy’s mended overalls,
his legs like willow limbs,
his arms like reeds.
Ma rested her hands on her heavy stomach.
Daddy rested his chin on the top of my head.
“His mother is worrying about him,” Ma said.
“His mother is wishing her boy would come home.”
Lots of mothers wishing that these days,
while their sons walk to California,
where rain comes,
and the color green doesn’t seem like such a miracle,
and hope rises daily, like sap in a stem.
And I think, some day I’m going to walk there too,
through New Mexico and Arizona and Nevada.
Some day I’ll leave behind the wind, and the dust
and walk my way West
and make myself to home in that distant place
of green vines and promise.
July 1934 – The Accident
put a pail of kerosene
next to the stove
thinking the pail was
filled with water,
to make Daddy’s coffee,
but instead of making coffee,
Ma made a rope of fire.
It rose up from the stove
to the pail
and the kerosene burst
Ma ran across the kitchen,
out the porch door,
screaming for Daddy.
I tore after her,
thinking of the burning pail
left behind in the bone-dry kitchen,
I new back and grabbed it,
throwing it out the door.
I didn’t know.
I didn’t know Ma was coming back.
The flaming oil
onto her apron,
was a column of fire.
I pushed her to the ground,
desperate to save her,
desperate to save the baby, I
beating out the names with my hands.
I did the best I could.
But it was no good.
Ma got burned bad.
July 1934 – Burns
At first I felt no pain,
I thought I might be swallowed by the heat,
like the witch in “Hansel and Gretel,”
and nothing would be left of me.
Someone brought Doc Rice.
He tended Ma first,
then came to me.
The doctor cut away the skin on my hands, it hung in
He cut my skin away with scissors,
then poked my hands with pins to see what I could
He bathed my burns in antiseptic.
Only then the pain came.
July 1934 – Nightmare
I am awake now,
still shaking from my dream:
I was coming home
through a howling dust storm,
my lowered face was scrubbed raw by dirt and wind.
Grit scratched my eyes,
it crunched between my teeth.
Sand chafed inside my clothes,
against my skin.
Dust crept inside my ears, up my nose,
down my throat.
I shuddered, nasty with dust.
In the house,
dust blew through the cracks in the walls,
it covered the floorboards and
heaped against the doors.
It floated in the air, everywhere.
I didn’t care about anyone, anything, only the piano. I
searched for it,
found it under a mound of dust.
I was angry at Ma for letting in the dust.
I cleaned off the keys
but when I played,
a tortured sound came from the piano,
like someone shrieking.
I hit the keys with my fist, and the piano broke into
a hundred pieces.
Daddy called to me. He asked me to bring water,
Ma was thirsty.
I brought up a pail of fire and Ma drank it. She had
given birth to a baby of flames. The baby
burned at her side.
I ran away. To the Eatens’ farm.
The house had been tractored out,
tipped off its foundation.
No one could live there.
Everywhere I looked were dunes of rippled dust.
The wind roared like fire.
The door to the house hung open and there was
several feet deep.
And there was a piano.
The bench was gone, right through the floor.
The piano leaned toward me.
I stood and played.
The relief I felt to hear the sound of music after the
of the piano at home….
I dragged the Eatens’ piano through the dust
to our house,
but when I got it there I couldn’t play. I had swollen
lumps for hands,
they dripped a sickly pus,
they swung stupidly from my wrists,
they stung with pain.
When I woke up, the part
about my hands
July 1934 – A Tent of Pain
Daddy has made a tent out of the sheet over Ma
so nothing will touch her skin,
what skin she has left.
I can’t look at her,
I can’t recognize her.
She smells like scorched meat.
Her body groaning there,
it looks nothing like my ma.
It doesn’t even have a face.
Daddy brings her water,
and drips it inside the slit of her mouth
by squeezing a cloth.
She can’t open her eyes,
she cries out
when the baby moves inside her,
otherwise she moans,
day and night.
I wish the dust would plug my ears
so I couldn’t hear her.
July 1934 – Drinking
Daddy found the money
Ma kept squirreled in the kitchen under the
It wasn’t very much.
But it was enough for him to get good and drunk.
He went out last night.
While Ma moaned and begged for water.
He drank up the emergency money
until it was gone.
I tried to help her.
I couldn’t aim the dripping cloth into her mouth.
I couldn’t squeeze.
It hurt the blisters on my hands to try.
I only made it worse for Ma. She cried
for the pain of the water running into her sores,
she cried for the water that
would not soothe her throat
and quench her thirst,
and the whole time
my father was in Guymon,
July 1934 -Devoured
Doc sent me outside to get water.
The day was so hot,
the house was so hot.
As I came out the door,
I saw the cloud descending.
It whirred like a thousand engines.
It shifted shape as it came
settling first over Daddy’s wheat.
eating tassles, leaves, stalks.
Then coming closer to the house,
eating Ma’s garden, the fence posts,
the laundry on the line, and then,
the grasshoppers came right over me,
descending on Ma’s apple trees.
I climbed into the trees,
opening scabs on my tender hands,
grasshoppers clinging to me.
I tried beating them away.
But the grasshoppers ate every leaf,
they ate every piece of fruit.
Nothing left but a couple apple cores,
hanging from Ma’s trees.
I couldn’t tell her,
couldn’t bring myself to say
her apples were gone.
I never had a chance.
Ma died that day
giving birth to my brother.
August 1934 – Blame
My father’s sister came to fetch my brother,
even as Ma’s body cooled.
She came to bring my brother back to Lubbock
to raise as her own,
but my brother died before Aunt Ellis got here.
She wouldn’t even hold his little body.
She barely noticed me.
As soon as she found my brother dead,
she had a talk with my father.
Then she turned around
and headed back to Lubbock.
The neighbor women came.
They wrapped my baby brother in a blanket
and placed him in Ma’s bandaged arms.
We buried them together
on the rise Ma loved,
the one she gazed at from the kitchen window,
the one that looks out over the
dried-up Beaver River.
Reverend Bingham led the service.
He talked about Ma,
but what he said made no sense
and I could tell
he didn’t truly know her,
he’d never even heard her play piano.
He asked my father
to name my baby brother.
My father, hunched over, said nothing.
I spoke up in my father’s silence.
I told the reverend
my brother’s name was Franklin.
Like our President.
The women talked as they
scrubbed death from our house
I stayed in my room
silent on the iron bed,
listening to their voices.
“Billie Jo threw the pail,”
they said. “An accident,”
Under their words a finger pointed.
They didn’t talk
about my father leaving kerosene by the stove.
They didn’t say a word about my father
into a stupor
while Ma writhed, begging for water.
They only said,
Billie Jo threw the pail of kerosene.
August 1934 – Birthday
I walk to town.
I don’t look back over my shoulder
at the single grave
holding Ma and my little brother.
I am trying not to look back at anything.
Dust rises with each step,
there’s a greasy smell to the air.
On either side of the road are
the carcasses of jackrabbits, small birds, field mice,
stretching out into the distance.
My father stares out across his land,
empty but for a few withered stalks
like the tufts on an old man’s head.
I don’t know if he thinks more of Ma,
or the wheat that used to grow here.
There is barely a blade of grass
swaying in the stinging wind,
there are only these
lumps of flesh
that once were hands long enough to span octaves,
swinging at my sides.
I come up quiet
and sit behind Arley Wanderdale’s house,
where no one can see me, and lean my head back,
and close my eyes,
and listen to Arley play.
August 1934 – Roots
President Roosevelt tells us to
plant trees. Trees will
break the wind. He says,
trees will end the drought,
the animals can take shelter there,
children can take shelter.
Trees have roots, he says.
They hold on to the land.
That’s good advice, but
I’m not sure he understands the problem.
Trees have never been at home here.
They’re just not meant to be here.
Maybe none of us are meant to be here,
only the prairie grass
and the hawks.
My father will stay, no matter what,
he’s stubborn as sod.
He and the land have a hold on each other.
But what about me?
August 1934 – The Empty Spaces
I don’t know my father anymore.
He sits across from me,
he looks like my father,
he chews his food like my father,
he brushes his dusty hair back
like my father,
but he is a stranger.
I am awkward with him,
and I want to be alone
but I am terrified of being alone.
We are both changing,
we are shifting to fill in the empty spaces left by Ma.
I keep my raw and stinging hands
behind my back when he comes near
when he sees them.
The heat from the cookstove hurts my burns,
and the salt,
the water, and the dust hurt too.
I spend all my time in pain,
my father spends his time out the side of the house,
digging a hole,
forty feet by sixty feet,
six feet deep.
I think he is digging the pond,
to feed off the windmill,
the one Ma wanted,
but he doesn’t say. He just digs.
He sends me to the train yard to gather boards,
boards that once were box cars
but now are junk.
I bring them back, careful of the scabs and the
raw sores on my bare hands.
I don’t know what he needs boards for.
He doesn’t tell me.
When he’s not in the hole, digging,
he works on the windmill,
replacing the parts
that kept it from turning.
People stop by and watch. They think my father
digging such a big hole.
I think he’s crazy too.
The water will seep back into the earth.
It’ll never stay put in any old pond.
But my father has thought through all that
and he’s digging anyway.
I think to talk to Ma about it,
and then I remember.
I can almost forgive him the taking of Ma’s money,
I can almost forgive him his night in Guymon,
But as long as I live,
no matter how big a hole he digs,
I can’t forgive him that pail of kerosene
left by the side of the stove.
September 1934 – Kilauea
A volcano erupted in Ha
It threw huge
into the air,
the ground shook,
choked everything in its path.
… sounds a little
like a dust storm.
In my closet are two boxes,
the gatherings of my life,
a broken hairpin,
a dress from my baby days,
my first lock of hair,
a tiny basket woven from prairie grass,
a doll with a china head,
a pink ball,
three dozen marbles,
a fan from Baxter’s Funeral Home,
my baby teeth in a glass jar,
a torn map of the world,
two candy wrappers,
a thousand things I haven’t looked at
I kept promising to go through the boxes
and get rid of what I didn’t need,
but I never got to it
and now my hands hurt.
And I haven’t got the heart.
cereus plant bloomed on Saturday night.
She sent word
after promising I could come see it.
I rubbed my gritty eyes with swollen hands.
My stomach grizzled as I
made my way through the dark
to her house.
Ma wouldn’t have let me go at all.
My father just stood in the doorway and
watched me leave.
It was almost three in the morning when I got there.
A small crowd stood around.
Mrs. Brown said,
“The blossom opened at midnight,
big as a dinner plate.
It took only moments to unfold.”
How can such a flower
find a way to bloom in this drought,
in this wind.
It blossomed at night,
when the sun couldn’t scorch it,
when the wind was quiet,
when there might have been a sip of dew
to freshen it.
I couldn’t watch at dawn,
when the newer,
touched by the first finger of morning light,
wilted and died.
I couldn’t watch
as the tender petals burned up in the sun.
September 1934- The Path of Our Sorrow
Miss Freeland said,
“During the Great War we fed the world.
We couldn’t grow enough wheat
to fill all the bellies.
The price the world paid for our wheat
was so high
it swelled our wallets
and our heads,
and we bought bigger tractors,
until we had mortgages
but we all felt so useful, we didn’t notice.
Then the war ended and before long,
Europe didn’t need our wheat anymore,
they could grow their own.
But we needed Europe’s money
to pay our mortgage,
We squeezed more cattle,
onto less land,
and they grazed down the stubble
till they reached root.
And the price of wheat kept dropping
so we had to grow more bushels
to make the same amount of money we made before,
to pay for all that equipment, all that land,
and the more sod we plowed up,
the drier things got,
because the water that used to collect there
under the grass,
biding its time,
keeping things alive through the dry spells
wasn’t there anymore.
Without the sod the water vanished,
the soil turned to dust.
Until the wind took it,
lifting it up and carrying it away.
Such a sorrow doesn’t come suddenly,
there are a thousand steps to take
before you get there.”
sorrow climbs up our front steps,
big as Texas, and we didn’t even see it coming,
even though it’d been making its way straight for
September 1934 – Autumn – Hired Work
My father hired on
at Wireless Power on Tuesday,
excavating for towers.
“I’m good at digging,”
and everyone who knows about our hole
knows he’s telling the truth.
He might as well earn a couple dollars.
It doesn’t look good for the winter crop.
Earning some cash will make him feel better.
I don’t think he’ll drink it up.
He hasn’t done that since Ma
It’s hard to believe I once brought money in too,
even if it was just a dime now and then,
for playing piano.
Now I can’t hardly stay in the same room with one.
October 1934 – Almost Rain
It almost rained Saturday
The clouds hung low over the farm.
The air felt thick.
It smelled like rain.
That was all.
November 1934- Those Hands
The Wildcats started practice this week.
Coach Albright used to say I could play for the team.
“You’ve got what it takes, Billie Jo.
Look at the size of those hands,” he’d say. “Look at
I’d tell him, “Just because I’m tall doesn’t mean I can
or even that I want to.
But he’d say I should play anyway.
Coach Albright didn’t say anything to me about
basketball this year.
I haven’t gotten any shorter.
It’s because of my hands.
My father used to say, why not put those hands to
He doesn’t say anything about “those hands”
Only Arley Wanderdale talks about them,
and how they could play piano again,
if I would only try.
November 1934 – Real Snow
The dust stopped,
Dreamy Christmas snow,
like after a fever,
clinging to the earth,
melting into the dirt,
Oh, the grass, and the wheat
and the cattle,
and the rabbits,
and my father will be happy.
November 1934- Dance Revue
is putting on a dance revue at the Palace
and Arley asked
if I’d play a number with the Black Mesa Boys.
It’s hard, coming on to Christmas,
just me and my father,
with no Ma and no little brother.
I don’t really feel like doing anything.
Still, I told Arley I would try,
just because it looked like it meant a lot to him.
He said he’d be dancing then,
so he needed a piano player,
and Mad Dog would be singing,
and he knew how I’d just love to be
connected with anything Mad Dog’s doing.
The costumes Vera ordered
come all the way from the city, she said.
the latest cuts.
I wish I could go with her
to pick them up.
Mad Dog comes off the stage after his numbers
and stands by the piano.
He doesn’t look at me like
I’m a poor motherless thing.
He doesn’t stare at my deformed hands.
He looks at me like I am
someone he knows,
someone named Billie Jo Kelby.
I’m grateful for that,
especially considering how bad I’m playing.
December 1934 – Mad Dog’s Tale
Mad Dog is surrounded by girls.
They ask him how he got his name.
He says, “It’s not because I’m wild,
or a crazy, untamed boy,
but because fourteen years ago when I was two
I would bite anything I could catch hold of: my ma,
my brother, Doc Rice, even Reverend Bingham.
So my father named me Mad Dog.
And it stuck.”
When I go home
I ask my father if he knows Mad Dog’s
He looks at me like I’m talking in another language.
Ma could have told me.
December 1934 – Art Exhibit
We had an art exhibit last week
in the basement of the courthouse,
to benefit the library.
Price of admission was one book
or ten cents.
I paid ten cents the first time,
but they let me in the second and third times for free.
That was awful kind,
since I didn’t have another dime
and I couldn’t bring myself to
hand over Ma’s book of poetry
from the shelf over the piano.
It was really something to see the oil paintings,
the pastels and charcoals.
There were pictures of the Panhandle in the old days
with the grass blowing and wolves,
there was a painting of a woman getting dressed
in a room of curtains,
and a drawing of a railroad station
with a garden out the front,
and a sketch of a little girl holding an enormous cat
in her lap.
But now the exhibit is gone,
stored away in spare rooms
or locked up
where no one can see them.
I feel such a hunger
to see such things.
And such an anger
because I can’t.
December 1934 – State Tests Again
Miss Freeland said
topped the entire state of Oklahoma
on the state tests again, twenty-four
than the state average.
Wish I could run home and tell Ma
and see her nod
and hear her say,
“I knew you could.”
It would be enough.
January 1935 – Winter – Christmas Dinner Without the Cranberry Sauce
was my ma
at the school
I thought I’d be
the only one
but two other motherless girls came.
We served turkey,
sweet potatoes, and brown gravy.
Made it all ourselves
and it came out
better than the Christmas dinner I made for
where we sat at the table,
silent, just the two of us.
Being there without Ma,
without the baby,
wouldn’t have been so bad,
if I’d just remembered the cranberry sauce.
My father loved Ma’s special cranberry sauce.
But she never showed me how to make it.
January 1935 – Driving the Cows
piles up like snow
across the prairie,
dunes leaning against fences,
mountains of dust pushing over barns.
Joe De La Flor can’t afford to feed his cows,
can’t afford to sell them.
County Agent Dewey comes,
takes the cows behind the bam,
and shoots them.
Too hard to
watch their lungs clog with dust,
like our chickens, suffocated.
Better to let the government take them,
than suffer the sight of their bony hides
into the earth.
Joe De La Flor
rides the range.
Come spring he’ll gather Russian thistle,
pulling the plant while it’s still green and young,
before the prickles form, before it breaks free
to tumble across the plains.
He gathers thistle to feed what’s left of his cattle,
his bone-thin cattle,
cattle he drives away from the dried-up Beaver River,
to where the Cimarron still runs,
pushing the herd across the breaks,
where they might last another week, maybe two,
January 1935 – First Rain
I stretch my legs in my iron bed
under the roof.
I place a wet cloth over my nose to keep
from breathing dust
and wipe the grime tracings from around my mouth,
and shiver, thinking of Ma.
I am kept company by the sound of my heart
I tangle in the dusty sheets,
sending the sand flying,
cursing the grit against my skin,
between my teeth,
under my lids,
swearing I’ll leave this forsaken place.
I hear the first drops.
Like the tapping of a stranger
at the door of a dream,
the rain changes everything.
It strokes the roof,
streaking the dusty tin,
a concert of rain notes,
spilling from gutters,
gushing through gullies,
soaking into the thirsty earth outside.
Monday morning dawns,
cloaked in mist.
I button into my dress, slip on my sweater,
and push my way off the porch,
sticking my face into the fog,
into the moist skin of the fog.
The sound of dripping surrounds me as I
walk to town.
Soaked to my underwear,
I can’t bear to go
through the schoolhouse door,
I want only to stand in the rain.
Joe De La Flor brushes mud from his horse,
Mr. Kincannon hires my father
to pull his Olds out of the muck on Route 64.
when the clouds lift,
the farmers, surveying their fields,
nod their heads as
the frail stalks revive,
everyone, everything, grateful for this moment,
free of the
weight of dust.
January 1935 – Haydon P. Nye
Haydon P. Nye died this week.
I knew him to wave,
he liked the way I played piano.
The newspaper said when Haydon first came
he could see only grass,
grass and wild horses and wolves roaming.
Then folks moved in and sod got busted
and bushels of wheat turned the plains to gold,
and Haydon P. Nye
grabbed the Oklahoma Panhandle in his fist
and held on.
By the time the railroad came in
on land Haydon sold them,
the buffalo and the wild horses had gone.
Haydon Nye saw the sun dry up his crop,
saw the grasshoppers chew it down,
but then came years of rain
and the wheat thrived,
and his pockets filled,
and his big laugh came easy.
They buried Haydon Nye on his land,
busted more sod to lay down his bones.
Will they sow wheat on his grave,
where the buffalo
January 1935 – Scrubbing Up Dust
Walking past the Crystal Hotel
I saw Jim Martin down on his knees.
He was scraping up mud that had
dried to crust
after the rain mixed with dust Sunday last.
When I got home
I took a good look at the steps
and the porch
and the windows.
I saw them with Ma’s eyes and thought about
how she’d been haunting me.
I thought about Ma,
who would’ve washed clothes,
down on her knees,
brush in hand,
breaking that mud
like the farmers break sod,
always watching over her shoulder
for the next duster to roll in.
My stubborn ma,
she’d be doing it all
with my brother Franklin to tend to.
She never could stand a mess.
My father doesn’t notice the dried mud.
Least he never tells me,
not that he tells me much of anything these days.
With Ma gone,
if the mud’s to be busted,
the job falls to me.
It isn’t the work I hate,
the knuckle-breaking work of beating mud out of
every blessed thing,
but every day
my fingers and hands
ache so bad. I think
I should just let them rest,
let the dust rest,
let the world rest.
But I can’t leave it rest,
on account of Ma,
January 1935 – Outlined by Dust
My father stares at me
while I sit across from him at the table,
while I wash dishes in the basin,
my back to him,
the picked and festered bits of my hands in agony.
He stares at me
as I empty the wash water at the roots
of Ma’s apple trees.
He spends long days
digging for the electric-train folks
when they can use him,
or working here,
nursing along the wheat,
what there is of it,
or digging the pond.
He sings sometimes under his breath,
even after so much sorrow.
He sings a man’s song,
deep with what has happened to us.
It doesn’t swing lightly
the way Ma’s voice did,
the way Miss Freeland’s voice does,
the way Mad Dog sings.
My father’s voice starts and stops,
like a car short of gas,
like an engine choked with dust,
but then he clears his throat
and the song starts up again.
He rubs his eyes
the way I do,
with his palms out.
Ma never did that.
And he wipes the milk from his
upper lip same as me,
with his thumb and forefinger.
Ma never did that, either.
We don’t talk much.
My father never was a talker.
Ma’s dying hasn’t changed that.
I guess he gets the sound out of him with the
songs he sings.
I can’t help thinking
how it is for him,
Waking up alone, only
left in the bed,
outlined by dust.
He always smelled a little like her
first thing in the morning,
when he left her in bed
and went out to do the milking.
She’d scuff into the kitchen a few minutes later,
to start breakfast.
I don’t think she was ever
really meant for farm life,
I think once she had bigger dreams,
but she made herself over
to fit my father.
Now he smells of dust
tobacco and cows.
None of the musky woman smell left that was Ma.
He stares at me,
maybe he is looking for Ma.
He won’t find her.
I look like him,
I stand like him,
I walk across the kitchen floor
with that long-legged walk
I can’t make myself over the way Ma did.
And yet, if I could look in the mirror and see her in
If I could somehow know that Ma
and baby Franklin
lived on in me …
But it can’t be.
I’m my father’s daughter.
January 1935 – The President’s Ball
All across the land,
arm in arm, hand in hand,
at the Birthday Ball.
My father puts on his best overalls,
I wear my Sunday dress,
the one with the white collar,
and we walk to town
to the Legion Hall
and join the dance. Our feet flying,
me and my father,
on the wooden floor whirling
to Arley Wanderdale and the Black Mesa Boys.
when Arley stands up from the piano,
to announce we raised thirty-three dollars
for infantile paralysis,
a little better than last year.
And I remember last year,
when Ma was alive and we were
crazy excited about the baby coming.
And I played at this same party for Franklin D.
and Joyce City
Tonight, for a little while
in the bright hall folks were almost free,
almost free of dust,
almost free of debt,
almost free of fields of withered wheat.
Most of the night I think I smiled.
And twice my father laughed.
January 1935 – Lunch
No one’s going hungry at school today.
sent canned meat,
sent leaves of bread,
Scotty Moore, George Nail, and Willie Harkins
brought in milk,
fresh creamy milk
straight from their farms.
Real lunch and then
full and feeling fine
in the afternoon.
The little ones drank themselves into white
until pushing back from their desks,
their stomachs round,
they swore they’d never eat again.
The older girls,
Elizabeth and LoRaine, helped Miss Freeland
and Hillary and I,
we served and washed,
our ears ringing with the sound of satisfied children.
February 1935 – Guests
In our classroom this morning,
we came in to find a family no one knew.
They were shy,
a little frightened,
A man and his wife, pretty far along with a baby
two little kids
and a grandma.
They’d moved into our classroom during the night.
An iron bed
and some pasteboard boxes. That’s all they had.
They’d cleaned the room first, and arranged it,
making a private place for themselves.
“I’m on the look for a job,” the man said.
The dust blew so mean last night
I thought to shelter my family here awhile.
The two little kids turned their big eyes
from Miss Freeland
back to their father.
“I can’t have my wife sleeping in the cold truck,
not now. Not with the baby coming so soon.”
Miss Freeland said they could stay
as long as they wanted.
February 1935 – Family School
Every day we bring fixings for soup
and put a big pot on to simmer.
We share it at lunch with our guests,
the family of migrants who have moved out from dust
and moved into our classroom.
We are careful to take only so much to eat,
making sure there’s enough soup left in the pot for
Some of us bring in toys
and clothes for the children.
I found a few things of my brother’s
and brought them to school,
little feed-sack nighties,
so full of hope.
never wore a one of the nighties Ma made him,
except the one we buried him in.
The man, Buddy Williams,
helps out around the school,
fixing windows and doors,
and the bad spot on the steps,
cleaning up the school yard
so it never looked so good.
The grandma takes care of the children,
bringing them out when the dust isn’t blowing,
letting them chase tumbleweeds across the field
behind the school,
but when the dust blows,
the family sits in their little apartment inside our
studying Miss Freeland’s lessons
right alongside us.
February 1935 – Birth
One morning when 1 arrive at school
Miss Freeland says to keep the kids out,
that the baby is coming
and no one can enter the building
until the birthing is done.
I think about Ma
and how that birth went.
I keep the kids out and listen behind me,
praying for the sound of a baby
crying into this world,
and not the silence
my brother brought with him.
And then the cry comes
and I have to go away for a little while
and just walk off the feelings.
Miss Freeland rings the bell to call us in
but I’m not ready to come back yet.
When I do come,
I study how fine that baby girl is. How perfect,
and that she is wearing a feed- sack nightgown that
was my brother’s.
February 1935 – Time to Go
They left a couple weeks after the baby came,
all of them crammed inside that rusty old truck.
I ran half a mile in their dust to catch them.
I didn’t want to let that baby go.
“Wait for me,” I cried,
choking on the cloud that rose behind them.
But they didn’t hear me.
They were heading west.
And no one was looking back.
February 1935 – Something Sweet from Moonshine
and his pal Rush
had themselves a
fine operation on the Cimarron River,
where the water still runs a little,
though the fish are mostly dead
from the dust floating on the surface.
Ashby and Rush were cooking up moonshine
in their giant metal still on the bank
when Sheriff Robertson caught them.
He found jugs of finished whiskey,
and barrels and barrels of mash,
he found two sacks of rye,
and he found sugar,
one thousand pounds of sugar.
The government men took Ashby and Rush off to
for breaking the law,
but Sheriff Robertson stayed behind,
took apart the still,
washed away the whiskey and the mash,
and thought about that sugar,
all that sugar, one-half ton of sugar.
some should find its way
into the mouths of us kids.
Bake for them, Miss Freeland, he said,
bake them cakes and cookies and pies,
cook them custard and cobbler and crisp,
make them candy and taffy and apple pandowdy.
Sheriff Robertson said,
ought to have something sweet to
wash down their dusty milk.
And so we did.
February 1935 – Dreams
Each day after class lets out,
each morning before it begins,
I sit at the school piano
and make my hands work.
In spite of the pain,
in spite of the stiffness
I make my hands play piano.
I have practiced my best piece over and over
till my arms throb,
because Thursday night
the Palace Theatre is having a contest.
Any man, woman, or child
or plays worth a lick
can climb onto that stage.
Just register by four P.M.
and give them a taste of what you can
land you’re in,
performing for the crowd,
warming up the audience for the
Mazel Hurd Players.
I figure if I practice enough
I won’t shame myself.
And we sure could use the extra cash
if I won.
Three-dollar first prize,
But I don’t know if I could win anything,
It’s the playing I want most,
the proving I can still do it.
without Arley making excuses.
I have a hunger,
for more than food.
I have a hunger
bigger than Joyce City.
I want tongues to tie, and
eyes to shine at me
like they do at Mad Dog Craddock.
Course they never will,
not with my hands all scarred up,
looking like the earth itself,
all parched and rough and cracking,
but if r played right enough,
maybe they would see past my hands.
Maybe they could feel at ease with me again,
and maybe then,
I could feel at ease with myself.
February 1935 – The Competition
I suppose everyone in Joyce City and beyond,
all the way to Felt
and even Guymon,
came to watch the talent show at the Palace,
we were seventeen amateur acts,
our wild hearts pounding,
our lips sticking to our teeth,
our urge to empty ourselves
top and bottom,
made a sorry sight
in front of the
famous Hazel Hurd Players.
But they were kind to us,
helped us with our makeup and our hair,
showed us where to stand,
how to bow,
and the quickest route to the
The audience hummed on the other side of the
kept peeking out and giving reports
of who was there,
and how she never saw so many seats
filled in the Palace,
and that she didn’t think they could
into the back
even if he paid full price,
the place was so packed.
My father told me he’d come
once chores were done.
I guess he did.
The Grover boys led us off.
They worked a charm,
Baby on the sax,
Jake on the banjo,
and Ben on the clarinet.
The Baker family followed, playing
just like they do at home
every night after dinner.
They didn’t look nervous at all.
The tap dancers,
they rattled the teeth in their jaws
and the eyeballs in their skulls,
their feet flying,
their arms swinging,
their mouths gapping.
Then Sunny Lee Hallem
tumbled and leaped onto the stage,
the sweat flying off her,
spotting the Palace floor.
Marsh Worton struggled out,
his accordion leading the way.
George and Agnes Harkins ran their fingers over
strings of their harps,
made you want to look up into the heavens for
but only scenery
and ropes and sandbags hung overhead,
and then there was me on piano.
I went on somewhere near the backside of middle,
getting more and more jittery with each act,
till my time came.
I played “Bye, Bye, Blackbird”
my own way,
messing with the tempo,
and the first part sounded like
I used just my elbows,
but the middle sounded good
and the end,
I forgot I was even playing
in front of the packed Palace Theatre.
I dropped right inside the music and
didn’t feel anything
when the clapping started
and that’s when I noticed my hands hurting
straight up to my shoulders.
But the applause
made me forget the pain,
the audience roared when I finished,
they came to their feet,
and I got third prize,
while Mad Dog Craddock, singing,
and Ben Grover
and his crazy clarinet
The tap dancers pouted into their mirrors,
peeling off their makeup and their smiles.
Birdie Jasper claimed
it was all my fault she didn’t win,
that the judges were just being nice to a cripple,
but the harpin’ Harkins were kind
and the Hazel Hurd Players
wrapped their long arms around me
and said I was swell
and in the sweaty dim chaos backstage
I ignored the pain running up and down my arms,
I felt like I was part of something grand.
But they had to give my ribbon and my dollar to my
cause I couldn’t hold
anything in my hands.
February 1935 – The Piano Player
doing a show at the school in a week, Billie Jo.
Come play with us.”
If I asked my father
he’d say yes.
It’s okay with him if I want to play.
He didn’t even know I was at the piano again till the
He’s making some kind of effort to get on
better with me now,
Since I “did him proud” at the Palace.
But I say, “No.
It’s too soon after the contest.
It still hurts too much.
Arley doesn’t understand.
“Just practice more,” he says.
“You’ll get it back,
you can navel with us again this summer
if you’d like.”
I don’t say
it hurts like the parched earth with each note.
I don’t say,
one chord and
my hands scream with pain for days.
I don’t show him
or my tears.
I tell him, “I’ll try.”
At home, I sit at
I don’t touch the keys.
I don’t know why.
I play “Stormy Weather” in my mind,
following the phrases in my imagination,
so that when I sit down at a piano that is not Ma’s,
when everyone crowds into the school
for Arley’s show,
no one can say
that Billie Jo Kelby plays like a cripple.
March 1935 – No Good
I did play like a cripple at Arley’s show,
not that Arley would ever say it.
But my hands are no good anymore,
my playing’s no good.
Arley understands, I think.
He won’t ask again.
March 1935 – Snow
Had to check
to make sure that was
on the ground,
But you can’t make a dustball
and slam against the side of the barn, and
echo across the fields.
So I know
it was snow.
March 1935 – Night School
My father thought maybe
he ought to go to night school,
so if the farm failed
there’d be prospects to fall back on.
He’s starting to sound like Ma.
“The farm won’t fail,” I tell him.
Long as we get some good rain.
I’m starting to sound like him.
“It’s mostly ladies in those classes,” he says,
“they take bookkeeping and civics,
and something called business English.”
I can’t imagine him
taking any of those things.
But maybe he doesn’t care so much about the classes.
Maybe he’s thinking more about the company of
I’ll bet none of the ladies mind
spending time with my father,
he’s still good looking
with his strong back,
and his blondy-red hair
and his high cheeks rugged with wind.
I shouldn’t mind either.
It’s dinner I don’t have to
come up with,
‘cause the ladies bring chicken and biscuits for him.
I’m glad to get out of cooking.
Sometimes with my hands,
it’s hard to keep the fire,
wash the pans,
hold the knife, and spread a little butter.
But I do mind his spending time with all those
I turn my back on him as he goes,
and settle myself in the parlor
and touch Ma’s piano.
My fingers leave sighs
in the dust.
March 1935 – Dust Pneumonia
Two Fridays ago,
Pete Guymon drove in with a
truck full of produce.
He joked with Calb Hardly,
Mr. Hardly’s son,
while they unloaded eggs and cream
down at the store.
Pete Guymon teased Calb Hardly about the Wildcats
losing to Hooker.
Calb Hardly teased Pete Guymon about his wheezy
truck sucking in dust.
Pete Guymon took ill with dust pneumonia.
Nobody knew how to keep that produce truck on the
filled with turkeys and heavy hens
waiting for delivery,
it sat out in front of Pete’s drafty shack,
and sits there still,
the cream curdling
the apples going soft.
Because a couple of hours ago,
Pete Guymon died.
was already on the phone to a new produce supplier,
He had people in his store
and no food to sell them.
His boy, Calb,
slammed the basketball against the side of the house
until Calb’s ma yelled for him to quit,
and late that night a truck rattled up to the store,
with colored springs,
dozens of hens,
and a driver with no interest whatsoever in young
or his precious Wildcats.
March 1935 – Dust Storm
I never would have gone to see the show
if I had known a storm like this would come.
I didn’t know when going in,
but coming out
a darker night I’d never seen.
I bumped into a box beside the Palace door
and scraped my shins,
then tripped on something in my path,
I don’t know what,
and walked into a phone pole,
bruised my cheek.
The first car that I met was sideways in the road.
Bowed down, my eyes near shut,
trying to keep the dust out,
I saw his headlights just before I reached them.
The driver called me over and I felt my way,
following his voice.
He asked me how I kept the road.
“I feel it with my feet,” I shouted over the
“I walk along the edge.
One foot on the road, one on the shoulder.”
And desperate to get home,
he straightened out his car,
and straddled tires on the road and off,
and slowly pulled away.
I kept along. I know that there were others
on the road.
from time to time I’d hear someone cry out,
their voices rose like ghosts on the howling wind;
no one could see. I stopped at neighbors’
just to catch my breath
and made my way from town
out to our farm.
Everyone said to stay
but I guessed
my father would
come out to find me
if I didn’t show,
and get himself lost in the
raging dust and maybe die
didn’t want that burden on my soul.
Brown earth rained down
I could not catch my breath
the way the dust pressed on my chest
and wouldn’t stop.
The dirt blew down so thick
it scratched my eyes
and stung my tender skin,
it plugged my nose and filled inside my mouth.
No matter how 1 pressed my lips together,
the dust made muddy tracks
across my tongue.
But I kept on,
spitting out mud,
covering my mouth,
clamping my nose,
the dust stinging the raw and open
stripes of scarring on my hands,
and after some three hours I made it home.
Inside I found my father’s note
that said he’d gone to find me
and if I should get home, to just stay put.
I hollered out the front door
and the back;
he didn’t hear,
I didn’t think he would.
The wind took my voice and busted it
into a thousand pieces,
blew out over Ma and Franklin’s grave,
thinner than a sigh.
I waited for my father through the night, coughing up
cleaning dust out of my ears,
rinsing my mouth, blowing mud out of my nose.
Joe De La Flor stopped by around four to tell me
they found one boy tanled in a barbed-wire fence,
another smothered in a drift of dust.
After Joe left I thought of the famous Lindberghs,
and how their baby was killed and never came back
I wondered if my father would come back.
He blew in around six A.M.
the sight of him
brown with dirt,
his eyes as red as raw meat,
his feet bruised from walking in worn shoes
stepping where he couldn’t see
on things that bit and cut into his flesh.
I tried to scare up something we could eat,
but couldn’t keep the table clear of dust.
Everything I set
down for our breakfast
was covered before we took a bite,
and so we chewed the grit and swallowed
and I thought of the cattle
dead from mud in their lungs,
and I thought of the tractor
buried up to the steering wheel,
and Pete Guymon,
and I couldn’t even recognize the man
sitting across from me,
sagging in his chair,
his red hair gray and stiff with dust,
his face deep lines of dust,
his teeth streaked brown with dust.
I turned the plates and glasses upside down,
crawled into bed, and slept.
March 1935 Broken Promise
March 1935 – Motherless
If Ma could put her arm across my shoulder
or stroke back my hair,
or sing me to sleep, making the soft sounds,
the reassuring noises,
that no matter how brittle and sharp life seemed,
no matter how brittle and sharp she seemed,
she was still my ma who loved me,
then I think I wouldn’t be so eager to go.
March 1935 – Following in His Steps
Haydon Parley Nye’s wife,
two months after she lost her man.
The cause of death was
but I think
she couldn’t go on without Haydon.
When Ma died,
I didn’t want to go on, either.
I don’t know. I don’t feel the same now,
Now that I see that one day
comes after another
and you get through them
one measure at a time.
But I’d like to go,
not like Fonda Nye,
I don’t want to die,
I just want to go,
out of the dust.
March 1935 – Spring – Heartsick
The hard part is in spite of everything
if I had any boy court me,
it’d be Mad Dog Craddock.
But Mad Dog can have any girl.
Why would he want me?
I’m so restless.
My father asks what’s going on with me.
I storm up to my room,
leaving him alone
standing in the kitchen.
If Ma was here
she would come up and listen.
And then later,
she would curl beside my father,
and assure him that everything was all right,
and soothe him into his farmer’s sleep.
My father and I,
we can’t soothe each other.
I’m too young,
he’s too old,
and we don’t know how to talk anymore
if we ever did.
April 1935 – Skin
My father has a raised spot
on the side of his nose
that never was there before
and won’t go away.
And there’s another on his cheek
and two more on his neck,
and I wonder
why the heck is he fooling around.
He knows what it is.
His father had those spots too.
April 1935 – Regrets
I never go by Arley’s anymore.
he comes to school to teach and
I bump into Vera, or
or Mad Dog.
They are always kind.
They ask after my father.
They ask how my hands are feeling.
I cross my arms in front of me
so my scars won’t show.
These days Mad Dog looks at me
halfway between picking a fight and kindness.
He walks with me a ways some afternoons,
never says a word.
He’s quiet once the other girls go off.
I’ve had enough of quiet men.
I ought to keep clear of Mad Dog.
But I don’t.
April 1935 – Fire on the Rails
I hate fire.
But the entire Oklahoma Panhandle is so dry,
everything is going up in names.
Everything too ready to ignite.
the school caught fire.
Damage was light,
on account of it being caught early.
Most kids joked about it next day,
but it terrified me.
I could hardly go back in the building.
And this week
in the train yard
burned to ash.
Jim coin and Harry Kesler
spotted the fire,
and that was a miracle
considering the fierceness of the dust storm
at the time.
The fire boys
but they couldn’t put the blaze out without water,
and water is exactly what they didn’t have.
So they separated the burning cars
and moved them down a siding,
away from any little thing that might catch
if the flames hopped.
It was all they talked about at school.
The dust blew,
so you’d think it would have smothered the fire out,
but the flames,
crazy in the wind,
licked away at the wooden frames of the three box
until nothing remained but warped metal,
and twisted rails,
scorched dirt, and
No one talks about fire
right to my face.
They can’t forget how fire changed my life.
But I hear them talking anyway.
April 1935 – The Mail Train
but they never said anything about dust.
And so the mail got stuck
on the Santa Fe
because mountains of dust
had blown over the tracks,
because blizzards of dust
blocked the way.
And all that time,
as the dust beat down on the cars,
a letter was waiting inside a mail bag.
A letter from Aunt Ellis, my father’s sister,
written just to me,
inviting me to live with her in Lubbock.
I want to get out of here,
but not to Aunt Ellis,
and not to Lubbock, Texas.
My father didn’t say much when I asked
what I should do.
“Let’s wait and see,”
What’s that supposed to mean?
April 1935 – Migrants
We’ll be back when the rain comes,
pulling away with all they own,
straining the springs of their motor cars.
Don’t forget us.
And so they go,
fleeing the blowing dust,
fleeing the fields of brown-tipped wheat
barely ankle high,
and sparse as the hair on a dog’s belly.
We’ll be back, they say,
pulling away toward Texas,
where they can rent a farm,
pull in enough cash,
maybe start again.
We’ll be back when it rains,
setting out with their bedsprings and mattresses,
their cookstoves and dishes,
their kitchen tables,
and their milk goats
tied to their running boards
in rickety cages,
setting out for
where even though they say they’ll come back,
they just might stay
if what they hear about that place is true.
Don’t forget us, they say.
But there are so many leaving,
how can I remember them all?
April 1935 – Blankets of Black
On the first clear day
we staggered out of our caves of dust
into the sunlight,
turning our faces to the big blue sky.
On the second clear day
the worst was over at last.
We flocked outside,
traded in town,
going to stores and coming out
only to find the air still clear
grateful for each easy breath.
On the third clear day
summer came in April
and the churches opened their arms to all comers
and all comers came.
folks headed for
car trips. No one could stay inside.
My father and I argued about the funeral
of Grandma Lucas,
who truly was no relation.
But we ended up going anyway,
driving down the road in a procession to Texhoma.
Six miles out of town the air turned cold,
birds beat their wings
everywhere you looked,
dropping out of the sky,
crowding on fence posts.
I was sulking in the truck beside my father
heaven’s shadow crept across the plains,
a black cloud,
big and silent as Montana,
boiling on the horizon and
barreling toward us.
More birds tumbled from the sky
frantically keeping ahead of the dust.
We watched as the storm swallowed the light.
The sky turned from blue
night descended in an instant
and the dust was on us.
The wind screamed.
The blowing dirt ran
I couldn’t see the brim of my hat
as we plunged from the truck,
The dust swarmed
like it had never swarmed before.
My father groped for my hand,
pulled me away from the truck.
a blind pitching toward the shelter of a small house,
our hands tight together,
running toward the ghostly door,
pounding on it with desperation.
A woman opened her home to us,
all of us,
not just me and my father,
but the entire funeral procession,
and one after another,
we tumbled inside, gasping,
our lungs burning for want of air.
All the lamps were lit against the dark,
the house dazed by dust,
gazed weakly out.
The walls shook in the howling wind.
We helped tack up sheets on the windows and doors
to keep the dust down.
Cars and trucks
unable to go on,
their ignitions shorted out by the static electricity,
opened up and let out more passengers,
who stumbled for shelter.
One family came in
their pa, divining the path
with a long wooden rod.
If it hadn’t been for the company,
this storm would have broken us
broken us more thoroughly than
the plow had broken the Oklahoma sod,
more thoroughly than my burns
had broken the ease of my hands.
But for the sake of the crowd,
and the hospitality of the home that sheltered us,
we held on
sitting or standing, breathing through wet cloths
as the fog of dust filled the room
and settled slowly over us.
When it let up a bit,
some went on to bury Grandma Lucas,
but my father and I,
we cleaned the thick layer of grime
off the truck,
pulled out of the procession and headed on home,
creeping slowly along the dust-mounded road.
When we got back,
we found the barn half covered in dunes,
I couldn’t tell which rise of dust was Ma and
The front door hung open,
blown in by the wind.
Dust lay two feet deep in ripply waves
across the parlor floor,
dust blanketed the cookstove,
the kitchen chairs,
everything deep in dust.
And the piano ..
buried in dust.
While I started to shovel,
my father went out to the bam.
He came back, and when I asked, he said
and the tractor was dusted out,
and I said, “It’s a wonder
the truck got us home.
I should have held my tongue.
When he tried starting the truck again,
it wouldn’t turn over.
April 1935 – The Visit
Mad Dog came by
to see how we made out
after the duster.
He didn’t come to court me.
I didn’t think he had.
We visited more than an hour.
The sky cleared enough to see Black Mesa.
I showed him my father’s pond.
Mad Dog said he was going to Amarillo,
to sing, on the radio,
and if he sang good enough,
they might give him a job there.
“You’d leave the farm?” I asked.
“You’d leave school?”
Mad Dog scooped a handful of dust,
like a boy in a sandpit.
He said, “I love this land,
no matter what.”
I looked at his hands.
They were scarless.
Mad Dog stayed longer than he planned.
He ran down the road
back to his father’s farm when he realized the time.
Dust rose each place his foot fell,
leaving a trace of him
long after he’d gone.
April 1935 – Freak Show
The fellow from Canada,
photographer from the Toronto Star,
way up there in Ontario,
the man who took the first pictures of
the Dionne Quintuplets,
left his homeland and
came to Joyce City
looking for some other piece of
hoping to photograph the drought
and the dust storms
with the help of Bill Rotter daw
and Handy Poole,
who took him to the sandiest farms and
showed off the boniest cattle in the county.
Mr. Kingsbury’s pictures of those Dionne babies
got them famous,
but it also got them taken from their
mother and father
and put on display
like a freak show,
like a tent full of two-headed calves.
Now I’m wondering
what will happen to us
after he finishes taking pictures of our dust.
April 1935 – Help, from Uncle Sam
is lending us money
to keep the farm going,
money to buy seed,
feed loans for our cow,
for our mule,
for the chickens still alive and the hog,
as well as a little bit of feed
My father was worried about
because of what Ma had said,
but Mrs. Love,
the lady from FERA,
assured him he didn’t need to pay a single cent
until the crops came in,
and if the crops never came, then he wouldn’t pay a
So my father said
Anything to keep going.
He put the paperwork on the shelf,
beside Ma’s book of poetry
and the invitation from Aunt Ellis.
He just keeps that invitation from her,
glowering down at me from the shelf above the piano.
April 1935 – Let Down
I was invited to graduation,
to play the piano.
I couldn’t play.
It had been too long.
My hands wouldn’t work.
I just sat on the piano bench,
staring down at the keys.
When the silence went on so long
folks started to whisper,
Arley Wanderdale lowered his head and
Miss Freeland started to cry.
I don’t know,
I let them down.
I didn’t cry.
I got up and walked off the stage.
I thought maybe if my father ever went to Doc Rice
to do something about the spots on his skin,
Doc could check my hands too,
tell me what to do about them.
But my father isn’t going to Doc Rice,
I think we’re both turning to dust.
May 1935 – Hope
It started out as snow,
catching on my sweater,
lacy on the edges of my sleeves.
Snow covered the dust,
soothed the parched lips
of the land.
And then it changed,
halfway between snow and rain,
glazing the earth.
Until at last
it slipped into rain,
light as mist.
It was the kindest
kind of rain
Soft and then a little heavier,
what had already fallen
steady as a good friend
who walks beside you,
not getting in your way,
staying with you through a hard time.
And because the rain came
so patient and slow at first,
and built up strength as the earth
remembered how to yield,
instead of washing oh,
the water slid in,
into the dying ground
and softened its stubborn pride,
and eased it back toward life.
just when we thought it would end,
after three such gentle days,
tons of it,
soaking into the ready earth
to the primed and greedy earth,
and soaking deep.
It kept coming,
dancing from the heavens
down to the prairie,
and my father
dancing with it,
dancing outside in the drenching night
with the gutters racing,
with the earth puddled and pleased,
with my father’s near- finished pond filling.
When the rain stopped,
my father splashed out to the barn,
two days and two nights
cleaning dust out of his tractor,
until he got it running again.
In the dark, headlights shining,
he idled toward the freshened fields,
certain the grass would grow again,
certain the weeds would grow again,
certain the wheat would grow again too.
May 1935 – The Rain’s Gift
has brought back some grass
and the ranchers
have put away the
and sent their cattle
out to graze.
Joe De La Flor
is singing in his saddle again.
May 1935 – Hope Smothered
While I washed up dinner dishes in the pan,
the wind came from the west
I’d just stripped all the gummed tape from the
Now I’ve got dust all over the clean dishes.
I can hardly make myself
get started cleaning again.
Mrs. Love is taking applications
for boys to do CCC work.
Any boy between eighteen and twenty-eight can join.
I’m too young
and the wrong sex
but what I wouldn’t give to be
working for the CCC
somewhere far from here,
out of the dust.
May 1935 – Sunday Afternoon at the Amarillo Hotel
Everybody gathered at
the Joyce City Hardware and Furniture Company
to hear Mad Dog Craddock
sing on WDAG
from the Amarillo Hotel.
They hooked up speakers
and the sweet sound
of Mad Dog’s voice
filled the creaky aisles.
Arley Wanderdale was in Amarillo with Mad Dog,
singing and playing the piano,
and the Black Mesa Boys were there
I ached for not being there with them.
But there was nothing more most folks in Joyce City
wanted to do
than spend a half hour
leaning on counters,
sitting on stairs,
resting in chairs,
staring at the hardware
and the tableware,
listening to hometown boys
making big-time music
on the radio.
They kept time in the aisles,
hooting after each number,
and when Mad Dog finished his last song, they sent
the dust swirling,
cheering and whooping,
patting each other on the back,
as if they’d been featured
on WDAG themselves.
I tried cheering for Mad Dog with everyone else,
but my throat
felt like a trap had
snapped down on it.
That Mad Dog, he didn’t have
a thing to worry about.
He sang good, all right.
He’ll go far as he wants.
May 1935 – Baby
Funny thing about babies.
Ma died having one,
the Lindberghs said good night to one and lost it,
give one away.
Reverend Bingham says
that Harley Madden
was sweeping the dust out of church,
shining things up for Sunday service,
when he swept himself up to a package
on the north front steps.
studying the parcel,
and called to Reverend Bingham,
who came right by and opened the package up.
It held a living baby.
Reverend Bingham took it to Doc Rice.
Doc checked it, said it was fine,
less than a five-pound sack of sugar,
and a little cold from
spending time on the north front steps,
but Mrs. Bingham
and the reverend
warmed that baby with
blankets and sugar water,
and tender talk,
and the whole of Joyce City came forward with gifts.
I asked my father if we could adopt it,
but he said
we stood about as much chance
of getting that baby
as the wheat stood of growing,
since we couldn’t give the baby anything
not even a ma.
Then he looked at me
sorry as dust.
And to make up for it,
he pulled out a box with the rest of the clothes
Ma had made for our new baby
and told me to drop them by the church if I wanted.
I found the dimes Ma’d been saving,
my earnings from the piano,
inside an envelope,
in the box of baby Franklin’s nighties.
She had kept those dimes to send me
to Panhandle A and M.
To study music.
No point now.
I sat at her piano a long time after I
got back from the church,
a song for my little brother,
buried in Ma’s arms on a knell overlooking the
banks of the Beaver,
imagining a song for the Lindbergh baby
stiff in the woods,
imagining a song for this new baby
would not be my father’s son.
May 1935 – Old Bones
in Cimarron County.
in the green shale,
ribs the size of plow blades,
hip bones like crank phones,
and legs running
like fence rails
down to a giant
A chill shoots up my spine
imagining a dinosaur
slogging out of an Oklahoma sea,
with turtles swimming around its legs.
I can see it sunning itself on the swampy banks,
beyond it a forest of ferns.
It’s almost easy to imagine,
gazing out from our house
at the dust-crushed fields,
easy to imagine filling in all the emptiness with green,
easy to imagine such a beast
brushing an itchy rump against our barn.
But all that remains of it
broken and turned to stone,
trapped in the hillside,
this once-upon-a-time real-live dinosaur
like a ridiculous
and then fell down and died.
I think for a moment of Joe De La FI or
herding brontosaurus instead of cattle
I tell my father,
Let’s go to the site
and watch the men chip away with ice picks,
let’s see how they plaster the bones.
Please, before they ship the whole thing to Norman.
I am thinking
that a dinosaur is getting out of Joyce City
a hundred million years too late to
appreciate the trip,
and that I ought to get out before my own
bones turn to stone.
But I keep my thoughts to myself.
My father thinks awhile,
rubbing that spot on his neck.
He looks out the window,
out across the field,
toward the knell where Ma and the baby lie.
“It’s best to let the dead rest,” he says.
And we stay home.
June 1935 – Summer – The Dream
Piano, my silent
I can touch you,
you are cool
to stay with me
stay with me
talk to me.
the cover to your keys
you make room
for all that I
we close our eyes
and together find that stillness
like a pond
when the wind is quiet
and the surface
at the blue sky.
I play songs
That have only the pattern
of my self in them
and you hum along
You are the companion
with my mother’s eyes.
July 1935 – Midnight Truth
I am so filled with bitterness,
it comes from the dust, it comes
from the silence of my father, it comes
from the absence of Ma.
I could’ve loved her better.
She could’ve loved me, too.
But she’s rock and dust and wind now,
she’s carved stone,
she’s holding my stone brother.
I have given my father so many chances
to understand, to
reach out, to
love me. He once did.
I remember his smile,
his easy talk.
Now there’s nothing easy between us.
Sometimes he takes notice of me,
like coming after me in the dust.
But mostly I’m invisible.
Mostly I’m alone.
My father’s digging his own grave,
he calls it a pond,
but I know what he’s up to.
He is rotting away,
like his father,
ready to leave me behind in the dust.
Well, I’m leaving first.
July 1935 – Out of the Dust
This is not a dream.
There’s no comfort in dreams.
I try to contain the ache as I leave my bed,
I try to still my heart as I
slip from my room with my kerchief of dimes.
Moving slowly down the stairs,
I cross through the kitchen, taking only some
and leave my father’s house.
It’s the middle of the night and I hear every sound
inside me, outside me.
knowing that I’ll die if I stay,
that I’m slowly, surely
I walk through the calm night,
under the stars.
I walk to
where the train stops long enough
for a long-legged girl to latch on
and as my heart races
I feel the earth tremble beneath me and then
the sound of sharp knives,
metal against metal,
as the train pulls up to the station.
Once I might’ve headed east,
to Mr. Roosevelt.
Now I slip under cover of darkness
inside a boxcar
and let the train carry me west.
Out of the dust.
August 1935 – Gone West
I am stiff and sore.
In two endless days on this train, I have
burned in the desert,
shivered in the mountains,
I have seen the
camps of dust-bowl migrants
along the tracks.
There was one girl.
I saw her through the slat in the boxcar.
She stared up at the passing train.
She stood by the tracks watching,
and I knew her.
August 1935 – Something Lost, Something Gained
He climbs into my car.
He’s dirty and he has a sour smell.
His eyes are ringed by the soil that comes from riding
But there’s a deeper shadow to those eyes,
He needs a hair comb and a shave,
and a mending needle applied to his pants.
He speaks to me,
“Where you from, miss?” he wants to know.
He shows me a picture of his family.
A wife. Three boys.
The photograph is all he carries.
That and the shredding, stinking clothes on his back.
I feed him two of the stale biscuits I’ve been hoarding
and save the rest.
I’ll be hungry tonight,
what with giving my day’s biscuits away.
But I can see the gaunt of hunger in his cheeks.
He asks if I have water and I shake my head,
my tongue thick with thirst.
He eats the biscuits.
He doesn’t care they’re caked with dust.
He finishes eating and crumbs stick to his mustache.
He’s staring hard at me and his eyes water.
“I’ve done it again,” he says.
“Taken food from a child.”
I show him my cloth bag with more biscuits.
“At home,” he said, “I couldn’t feed them,
couldn’t stand the baby always crying.
And my wife,
always that dark look following me.
Couldn’t take no more.
Lost our land, they tractored us out so’s we had to
rented awhile, then moved in with Lucille’s kin.
Couldn’t make nothing grow.”
I nodded. “I know.
We talked as the train rocked,
as the cars creaked,
as the miles showed nothing but empty space,
we talked through the pink of the setting sun,
and into the dark.
I told him about Ma dying.
I told him about my father,
and how the thing that scared us both the most
was being left alone.
And now I’d gone and left him.
I told him about the piano,
and Arley Wanderdaie,
and how I wasn’t certain of the date,
but I thought it might be my birthday,
but he was sleeping by then, I think.
He was like tumbleweed.
Ma had been tumbleweed too,
holding on for as long as she could,
then blowing away on the wind.
My father was more like the sod.
Steady, silent, and deep.
Holding on to life, with reserves underneath
to sustain him, and me,
and anyone else who came near.
stayed rooted, even with my tests and my temper,
even with the double sorrow of
his grief and my own,
he had kept a home
until I broke it.
When I woke,
the man was gone, and so were my biscuits,
but under my hat I found the photograph of his
the wife and three boys.
Maybe the photograph was
left in trade for the biscuits,
maybe it was a birthday gift,
the one thing he had left to give.
The children in the picture were clean and serious,
looking out with a certain longing.
The baby had his eyes.
On the back of the photograph,
was the address of his family in
First chance, I’d send the picture back,
let his wife know he was still alive.
I got off the train in Flagstaff, Arizona.
A lady from a government agency saw me.
She gave me water and food.
I called Mr. Hardly from her office and asked him to
let my father know …
I was coming home.
August 1935 – Homeward Bound
it wasn’t any better.
Lonelier than the wind.
Emptier than the sky.
More silent than the dust,
piled in drifts between me
August 1935 – Met
My father is waiting at the station
and I call him
for the first time
since Ma died,
and we walk home,
I tell him about getting out of the dust
and how I can’t get out of something
that’s inside me.
I tell him he is like the sod,
and I am like the wheat,
and I can’t grow everywhere,
but I can grow here,
with a little rain,
with a little care,
with a little luck.
And I tell him how scared I am about those spots
and I see he’s scared too.
“I can’t be my own mother,” I tell him,
“and I can’t be my own father
and if you’re both going to leave me,
what am I supposed to do?”
And when I tell Daddy so,
he promises to call Doc Rice.
He says the pond is done.
We can swim in it once it fills,
and he’ll stock it with fish too,
catfish, that I can go out and
catch of an evening
and fry up.
He says I can even plant flowers,
if I want.
As we walk together,
side by side,
in the swell of dust,
I am forgiving him, step by step,
for the pail of kerosene.
As we walk together,
side by side,
in the sole-deep dust,
I am forgiving myself
for all the rest.
August 1935 – Autumn – Cut It Deep
I went in with Daddy to see Doc Rice.
“Why’d you wait so long
to show someone those spots, Bayard?”
I scowled at Daddy.
He looked at the wall.
he didn’t care much,
if he had some cancer
and took and died.
Figured he’d see Ma then,
he’d see my brother.
It’d be out of his hands.
He’d be out of the dust.
Now he’s going to wear bandages
where Doc cut the cancer out
the best he could.
And we have to wait
and hope Daddy didn’t
get help too late.
I ask Doc about my hands.
“What, “I say,
‘can I do with them?”
Doc looks carefully at the mottled skin,
the stretched and striped and crackled skin.
“Quit picking at them,” he says.
“Rub some ointment in them before you go to bed,”
“And use them, Billie Jo,” he says.
“They’ll heal up fine if you just use them.”
Daddy sits on my bed
and I open the boxes,
the two boxes
that have been in my closet
for years now.
The dust is over everything,
but I blow it off,
and Daddy is so quiet
when he sees
some of the things
that’re still so strong of Ma,
and we end up keeping everything but a palmful
of broken doll dishes.
I thought once to go through these boxes with
but Daddy is
sitting on the edge of my bed.
My mouth feels cottony.
I fix dinner
and Daddy tells me about
when he was a boy.
He says, “I wasn’t always sure
about the wheat,
about the land,
about life in the Panhandle.
I dreamed of running off too,
though I never did.
I didn’t have half your sauce, Billie Jo,” he says.
And it’s the first time I ever knew
there was so much to the two of us,
so much more than our red hair
and our long legs
and the way we rub our eyes
when we’re tired.
October 1935 – The Other Woman
Her name is Louise,
she stayed by Daddy the days I was away.
The first time I met her she came to dinner bringing
two baskets of food.
She’s a good cook
without showing off.
She has a way of making my father do things.
When Louise came to dinner,
Daddy got up and cleaned the kitchen when we were
He tied an apron around his middle
and he looked silly as a cow
stuck in a hole,
but Louise ignored that,
and I took a lesson from her.
We walked around the farm
even though she’d probably already seen it
while I was gone.
She didn’t ask to be taken to my favorite places,
the loft in the barn,
the banks of the Beaver,
the field where you can
see Black Mesa on a clear day.
She told me
she knew Daddy and I had a history before her,
and she wished she’d been there for the whole thing,
but she wasn’t and there wasn’t anything to do
but get over it and get on.
We both stared in wonder
at the pond my daddy made
and she said,
a hole like that says a lot about a man.
I didn’t intend to, but I liked her,
because she was so plain and so honest,
and because she made Daddy laugh,
and me, too, just like that,
and even though I didn’t know
if there was room for her
in me, I could see there was room for her in Daddy.
When I asked him if he wanted me
to go off to Aunt Ellis after all,
Daddy said he hadn’t ever wanted it,
he said I was his own and he didn’t like to
think about what Aunt Ellis might do with me.
And we laughed, picturing me and Aunt Ellis
and it wasn’t a nice laugh, but it was
Aunt Ellis we were talking about after all.
The thing about Louise,
I’ll just have to watch how things go and hope
she doesn’t crowd me out of Daddy’s life, not now,
when I am just finding my way back into it.
October 1935 – Not Everywhere
I walk with Daddy
up the slope and look out over the Beaver River.
Louise is back at the house.
She wanted to come
but this is Ma’s place,
and Louise has no business here.
She wants to come everywhere with us.
Well, I won’t let her.
“She could have come.
There’s room enough for everyone, Billie Jo.”
But there’s not.
She can come into Ma’s kitchen.
She can hang around the barn.
She can sit beside Daddy when he drives the truck.
But Ma’s bones are in this hill,
Ma’s and Franklin’s.
And their bones wouldn’t like it,
if Louise came walking up here between us.
October 1935 – My Life, or What I Told Louise
After the Tenth Time She Came to Dinner
“I may look like Daddy, but I have my mother’s
Piano hands, Ma called them,
sneaking a look at them any chance she got.
A piano is a grand thing,” I say.
“Though ours is covered in dust now.
Under the grime it’s dark brown,
like my mother’s eyes.
I think about the piano
and how above it hangs a mirror
and to either side of that mirror,
where Ma and Daddy’s wedding picture once stood,
though Daddy has taken that down.
“Whenever she could,
Ma filled a bowl with apples,” I tell Louise.
“I’m crazy about apples,
and she filled ajar with wildflowers when she
and put them on that shelf above the piano.
On the other shelf Ma’s book of poetry remains.
And the invitation from Aunt Ellis,
or what’s left of it.
Daddy and I tore it into strips
to mark the poems we thought Ma liked best.
“We weren’t always happy,” I tell Louise.
“But we were happy enough
until the accident.
When I rode the train west,
I went looking for something,
but I didn’t see anything wonderful.
I didn’t see anything better than what I already had.
I look straight into Louise’s face.
Louise doesn’t flinch.
She looks straight back.
I am the first one to back down.
“My hands don’t look real pretty anymore.
But they hardly hurt. They only ache a little,
I could play right now,
if I could get the dust out of the piano,
if I wanted to get the dust out of the piano.
But I don’t. I’m not ready yet.”
And what I like best about her,
is Louise doesn’t say what I should do.
She just nods.
And I know she’s heard everything I said,
and some things I didn’t say too.
November 1935 – November Dust
The wheat is growing
even though dust
blows in sometimes.
I walk with Daddy around the farm
and see that
the pond is holding its own,
it will keep Ma’s apple trees alive,
nourish her garden,
help the grass around it grow,
enough to lie in and dream
if I feel like it,
and stand in,
and wait for Mad Dog
when he comes past once a week
on his way from Amarillo,
where he works for the radio.
And as long as the
dust doesn’t crush
the winter wheat,
we’ll have something to show in the spring
for all Daddy’s hard work.
Not a lot, but more than last year.
November 1935 – Thanksgiving List
Prairie birds, the whistle of gophers, the wind
the smell of grass
and spicy earth,
friends like Mad Dog, the cattle down in the river,
water washing over their hooves,
the sky so
big, so full of
the cloud shadows creeping
over the fields,
and his laugh,
and his songs,
food without dust,
Daddy seeing to Ma’s piano,
newly cleaned and tuned,
the days when my hands don’t hurt at all,
the thank-you note from Lucille in Moline, Kansas,
the sound of rain,
Daddy’s hole staying full of water
as the windmill turns,
the smell of green,
of damp earth,
of hope returning to our farm.
The poppies set to
bloom on Ma and Franklin’s grave,
the morning with the whole day waiting,
full of promise,
of quiet, of no expectations, of rest.
And the certainty of home, the one I live
and the one
that lives in me.
November 1935 – Music
I’m getting to know the music again.
And it is getting to know me.
We sniff each other’s armpits,
and inside each other’s ears,
and behind each other’s necks.
We are both confident, and a little sassy.
And I know now that all the time I was trying to get
out of the dust,
the fact is,
what I am,
I am because of the dust.
And what I am is good enough.
Even for me.
November 1935 – Teamwork
Louise and I take walks after dinner
every time she comes.
By the time we get back
the kitchen looks pretty good,
Daddy only leaves a few things he doesn’t
like big pans,
and wooden spoons,
and that makes me a little irritated
but mostly it makes me love him.
And Louise, knowing exactly what’s left to be done,
helps me finish up.
She was my father’s teacher at the night school class.
She never married.
She went to college for two years
and studied and worked,
and didn’t notice how lonely she was
until she met Daddy and fell into the
big hurt of his eyes.
She knows how to keep a home,
she knows how to cook,
she knows how to make things
last through winters
She knows how to smooth things between two
And she knows how to come into a home
and not step on the toes of a ghost.
I still feel grateful she didn’t make cranberry sauce
last month, at the first Thanksgiving we
Louise made sweet potatoes and green beans,
and turkey and two pies, pumpkin
I was so full
sighed shut and Daddy walked with Louise instead of
out to Ma and Franklin’s grave,
where he let Ma know his intentions.
And Ma’s bones didn’t object.
Neither did mine.
And when they came back to the house,
Daddy still cleaned the kitchen.
December 1935 – Finding a Way
the rest of the acres in wheat,
but then said. No,
let’s just go with what we’ve got right now.
a half hour
making the skin stretch.
making the scars stretch.
The way I see it, hard times aren’t only
Hard times are about losing spirit,
and what happens when dreams dry up.
The tractor’s busted,
we don’t have the cash to fix it,
but there’s nothing saying Daddy can’t do the work
It can’t be any harder than digging a hole
forty by sixty by six feet deep.
Daddy bought a second mule with Louise’s help.
Her betrothal gift to him.
He walks behind the team,
step by step, listing the fields to fight the wind.
Maybe the tractor lifted him above the land,
maybe the fields didn’t know him anymore,
didn’t remember the touch of his feet,
or the stroke of his hand,
or the bones of his knees,
and why should wheat grow for a stranger?
Daddy said he’d try some sorghum,
maybe some cotton,
admitting as how there might be something
to this notion of diversification folks were
and yes, he’d bring the grass back
like Ma wanted,
where he wasn’t planting anything else.
He’d make new sod.
And I’m learning, watching Daddy, that you can stay
in one place
and still grow.
I wipe dust out of the roasting pan,
I wipe dust off Ma’s dishes,
and wait for Daddy to drive in with Louise,
hoping she’ll stay a little later,
a little longer,
waiting for the day when she stays for good.
She wears a comical hat, with flowers,
and when she smiles,
her face is
full enough of springtime, it makes
her hat seem just right.
She brings apples in a sack,
perfect apples she arranges
in a bowl on the shelf,
opposite the book of poetry
Sometimes, while I’m at the piano,
I catch her reflection in the mirror,
standing in the kitchen, soft-eyed, while Daddy
and I stretch my fingers over the keys,
and I play.
# Out of the dust, # Out of the dust PDF, #Dust Bowl, # Karen Hesse
Out of the Dust Book –Worksheet
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Out of the Dust –PDF
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